Browsing Digital Arts and Humanities - Journal Articles by Title
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- ItemThe Brontës, the Shelleys, Kingsley and Martin Amis: new research suggests literary relatives share similar writing styles(The Conversation, 2021-11) O'Sullivan, JamesNew research shows that literary relatives tend to share a similar writing style.
- ItemChicano identity and discourses of supplementarity on Mexican cinema: from ‘The Man Without a Fatherland’ (Contreras Torres: 1922) to ‘Under the Same Moon’ (Riggen: 2008)(Latin American Centre, University of Aarhus (LACUA), 2009-01-01) de la Garza, ArmidaA radical change took place in Mexican narratives of belonging during the 1990s, when NAFTA was first negotiated. Narratives of migration drastically changed the status of Mexican migrants to the US, formerly derided as ‘pochos’, presenting them as model citizens instead. Following Derrida, I argue the role of the migrant became that of a supplement, which is, discursively, at the same time external to and part of a given unit, standing for and allowing deeper transformations to take place in the whole discourse of bilateral relations and national identity more generally. I use Derrida’s concept of the supplement to discuss changing representations of Chicanos in Mexican cinema, and to assess the extent that they have succeeded in reframing the discourse on national identity, with a focus on gender.
- ItemCollapsing generation and reception: Holes as electronic literary impermanence(North Carolina State University, 2016-01) Allen, Graham; O'Sullivan, JamesThis essay discusses Holes, a ten syllable one-line-per-day work of digital poetry that is written by Graham Allen, and published by James O’Sullivan’s New Binary Press. The authors, through their involvement with the piece, explore how such iterative works challenge literary notions of fixity. Using Holes as representative of “organic” database literature, the play between electronic literature, origins, autobiography, and the edition are explored. A description of Holes is provided for the benefit of readers, before the literary consequences of such works are examined, using deconstruction as the critical framework. After the initial outline of the poem, the discussion is largely centred around Derrida’s deconstruction of “the centre”. Finally, the literary database as art is re-evaluated, drawing parallels between e-lit, the absence of the centre, and the idea of the “deconstructive poem”.
- ItemComputing differences in language between male and female authors(RTÉ Brainstorm, 2017-10-19) O'Sullivan, James; Carroll, JimA number of studies have looked at differences in language between genders in literature, but what can computers really tell us about this?
- ItemCreating a community of praxis: integrating global citizenship and development education across campus at University College Cork(UCL Press, 2022-12-13) Cotter, Gertrude; Bonenfant, Yvon; Butler, Jenny; Caulfield, Marian; Doyle Prestwich, Barbara; Griffin, Rosarii; Khabbar, Sanaa; Mishra, Nita; Hally, Ruth; Murphy, Margaret; Murphy, Orla; O'Sullivan, Maeve; Phelan, Martha; Reidy, Darren; Schneider, Julia C.; Isaloo, Amin Sharifi; Turner, Brian; Usher, Ruth; Williamson Sinalo, Caroline; Irish AidThe Praxis Project, established at University College Cork (UCC), Ireland, in 2018, seeks to assess possible models of best practice with regard to the integration of global citizenship and development education (GCDE) into a cross-disciplinary, cross-campus, interwoven set of subject area pedagogies, policies and practices. This study – the first part of an eventual three-part framework – asserts that the themes, theories, values, skills, approaches and methodologies relevant to transformative pedagogical work are best underpinned by ongoing staff dialogue in order to build communities of support around such systemic pedagogical change. This article is based on a collaborative study with the first cohort of UCC staff (2020–1), which demonstrates many ways in which staff and students realised that smaller actions and carefully directed attention to specific issues opened doors to transformative thinking and action in surprising ways. From this viewpoint, the striking need emerged for taking a strategic approach to how GCDE is, and should be, integrated into learning across subject areas.
- ItemCulture, communication and cross-media arts studies: transnational cinema scholarship perspectives(Taylor & Francis Group, 2016-10-03) Tomaselli, Keyan G.; Jun, Zeng; de la Garza, Armida
- ItemThe Digital Humanities in Ireland(Open Library of Humanities, 2020-11-05) O'Sullivan, JamesIf the digital humanities are to thrive they must be allowed to remain culturally dissonant. The ways in which DH is practiced will differ across national contexts, with each region having peculiarities representative of the culture-specific conditions which shaped the field as it first emerged and later developed. While scholars tend to belong and contribute to international communities of praxis, doing DH in one place might look very different to doing DH somewhere else. Disciplinary cultures are often transnational, but where scholars are trained and where they work will usually impact upon their own, individualised perspective of that discipline. This paper traces the history of the digital humanities in Ireland, providing on account of DH as it exists in a specifically Irish context. It mimics the Busa narrative, uncovering equivalent figures from Irish DH’s origin story, while detailing some of the key initiatives and institutions to have contributed to the national development of the discipline. As a small island with a close-knit academic community, culturally torn between US, British and European influences, Ireland represents an opportunity to examine DH as a national project, and how such a project might be contrasted with international norms, what it achieved, and where it has failed.
- ItemDiversity, difference and nation: indigenous peoples on screen in Mexico(Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2010-11) de la Garza, ArmidaThis paper draws on constructivist theories of identity that regard the self as, paradoxically, coming into existence through interaction with the other, to investigate the discursive formation of indigenous people in the forging of Mexican national identity. The aim of the essay is to show how difference has been managed and deployed in the establishment of national Mexican identities from independence until the present. This is done with reference to visual culture and film and illustrated with examples from the ‘Golden Age’ as well as ‘the New Mexican Cinema’.
- Item"The Dream of an Island": Dear Esther and the digital sublime(Paradoxa, 2017) O'Sullivan, James; Ensslin, Astrid; Frelik, Pawel; Swanstrom, Lisa
- ItemEdge cases as academic possibility(School of Advanced Study, University College London, 2018-11-13) O'Sullivan, JamesWhat are edge cases, and why do they matter? Dr James O’Sullivan, a digital arts and humanities lecturer at University College Cork, puts flippancy aside to unpick these uncanny constructs that are born of digital apparatus and reside somewhere between book and not book.
- ItemElectronic literature in Ireland(Mark Amerika, 2018-11-04) O'Sullivan, JamesLiterary Ireland has long embraced experimentation. So, in an artistic community that typically gravitates towards the new, it is culturally anomalous to see that electronic literature has failed to flourish. Ireland, sitting at the nexus between the North American and European e-lit communities, should be playing a more active role in what is becoming an increasingly significant literary movement. This article provides a much needed account of the field of electronic literature as it exists at present within an Irish context, simultaneously exploring those circumstances which have contributed to its successes and failures. Doing so rectifies a major gap in the national media archaeologies of this field, presenting an incomplete yet untold culturally specific literary history. While a complete literary history of Ireland’s e-lit community cannot be accomplished within the constraints of this single essay—there will inevitably be limitations in scope, practitioners I have failed to acknowledge, writings I have missed in my review—what can be achieved here is the beginning of a discourse which will hopefully flourish in years to come.
- ItemElectronic literature's contemporary moment: Breeze and Campbell's "All the Delicate Duplicates"(Los Angeles Review of Books, 2017-11-07) O'Sullivan, JamesA review of All the Delicate Duplicates by Mez Breeze and Andy Campbell.
- ItemEmbracing the universal design for learning framework in digital game based learning - a set of game design principles(2018) Cunningham, Larkin; Murphy, OrlaThe Universal Design for Learning (UDL) framework emphasizes multiplicity of representation, expression and engagement to cater for the widest possible set of learning styles and abilities. Digital Game Based Learning (DGBL) can slot into a universally designed approach to education as one of several alternative ways of learning that will suit some learning preferences, such as those who prefer to learn in an active way. However, DGBL can itself encapsulate the principles of UDL if the game designer embraces UDL as a fundamental set of game design principles. This paper discusses, with examples, the ways in which a game designer can universally design a DGBL solution with respect to game mechanics, representation and personalization, with an emphasis on the use of gameplay data for formative and summative evaluation during the design, build and retrospective phases, as well as for adaptive learning and formative feedback during the delivery phase.
- ItemThe emergence of the Digital Humanities in Ireland(Keough-Naughton Institute for Irish Studies, University of Notre Dame, 2015-10-07) O'Sullivan, James; Murphy, Órla; Day, ShawnTracing the emergence of academic disciplines in a national context is a useful undertaking, as it goes beyond the definition of a field to an assessment of its evolution within a more specific cultural context. This is particularly the case in the Digital Humanities, where the infrastructural requirements are such that the development of the field is strongly connected to social and economic trends. This paper outlines the emergence of the Digital Humanities in Ireland, detailing the history and key milestones of the field’s development, while delineating those particularities that are culturally significant in contrast with the global picture
- ItemThe equivalence of books: monographs, prestige, and the rise of edge cases(SAGE Publications, 2018-07-03) O'Sullivan, JamesThe digital has shifted the forms through which we present scholarship, and as academic projects become increasingly disconnected with the codex form, our conceptions of what constitutes an academic book warrants problematization. This is particularly so with ‘edge cases’, projects which look to collate, curate, and create thematically consistent critical insights on topics of relevance to the Arts and Humanities, using unfamiliar forms. This brief essay explores a selection of digital projects that might be classified as edge cases, interacting with relevant stakeholders through short surveys designed to determine why digital apparatus were favored. The purpose of this essay is to query whether such outliers can be considered, as exemplifiers of what is meant by an edge case, to be the equivalent of the academic book.
- ItemFilm policy under globalization: the case of Mexico(Taylor and Francis, 2016-10-17) de la Garza, ArmidaThe changing economic and technological conditions often referred to as ‘globalization’ have had a deep impact on the very nature of the state, and thus on the aims, objectives and implementation of cultural policy, including film policy. In this paper, I discuss the main changes in film policy there have been in Mexico, comparing the time when the welfare state regarded cinema as crucial to the national identity, and actively supported the national cinema at the production, distribution and exhibition levels (about 1920-1980), and the recent onset of neoliberal policies, during which the industry was privatized and globalized. I argue the result has been a transformation of the film production, from the properly ‘national’ cinema it was during the welfare state—that is, having a role in nation building, democratization processes and being an important part of the public sphere—into a kind of genre, catering for a very small niche audience both domestically and internationally. However, exhibition and digital distribution have been strengthened, perhaps pointing towards a more meaningful post-national cinema.
- ItemGood literature can come in digital forms – just look to the world of video games(The Conversation Trust (UK) Limited, 2019-12-05) O'Sullivan, James