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- ItemAgriculture and land in EU-Africa relations(Routledge, 2021) Lahiff, Edward; Haastrup, Toni; Mah, Luís; Duggan, NiallLand, agriculture and natural resources have been at the heart of relations between Europe and Africa since ancient times. In the 19th century, European colonialism created an elaborate system of resource extraction, based on widespread dispossession and exploitation of the African population, the influence of which endures to the present day. This chapter provides an overview of the evolution of the relationship between the European Union (EU) and African states in the interrelated areas of agriculture, land and food. In 2006 the EU launched its European Consensus on Development, revised as the New European Consensus on Development in 2017. The reform of the CAP from 2011 clearly set out the tensions between the desire of the EU to remain a major global producer of food and the desire to support small farmers and agricultural enterprises in developing countries.
- ItemSquare pegs in round holes: Experiences of distance learning programmes in UCC(University College Cork, 2004-07) McCarthy, Olive; Higher Education Authority
- ItemSustaining the co-operative approach in an era of change: A case study from Cork Ireland(Community Enterprise Trust Scotland, 2012-10) McCarthy, Olive; Ward Michael; McDonnell, Diarmuid; Macknight, Elizabeth; Economic and Social Research Council; Scottish GovernmentThis collection of essays draws together the research of fourteen international scholars to examine how the co-operative business model functions in practice within diverse cultural and social contexts. It includes case studies of co-operatives and credit unions operating in different national settings across Britain, continental Europe, Australasia and the Americas. Together the essays show how the concept of democratic co-operation, applied to enterprise in commercial markets, developed into the basis of a truly global movement. The Co-operative Model in Practice will be of interest to students and scholars in economics, business studies, sustainable development, history, and organisational theory and behaviour. It also serves as a valuable resource for policy-makers seeking alternative models for organising enterprise and society.
- ItemGovernance reform of German food safety regulation: Cosmetic or real?(MIT Press, 2006) Steiner, Bodo E.; Ansell, Christopher; Vogel, David; Volkswagen Foundation, GermanyA series of food-related crises, most notably mad cow disease in Britain, farmer protests in France against American hormone-treated beef, and the European Union's banning of genetically modified food has turned the regulation of food safety in Europe into a crucible for issues of institutional trust, legitimacy, and effectiveness. What's the Beef? examines European food safety regulation at the national, European, and international levels as a case of "contested governance" a syndrome of policymaking and political dispute in which not only policy outcomes but also the fundamental legitimacy of existing institutional arrangements are challenged. The discussions of European food safety regulation in What's the Beef? open into consideration of broader issues, including the growing importance of multilevel regulation (and the possibility of disagreements among different levels of authority), the future of European integration, discontent over trade globalization, the politicization of risk assessment and regulatory science, the regulation of biotechnology, the shifting balance between public and private regulation, agricultural protectionism, and the "transatlantic divide." After addressing the historical, social, and economic context of European food safety regulation, the book examines national efforts at food safety reform in France, Britain, and Germany and such regional efforts as the creation of the European Food Authority. The book also looks at the international dimensions of European food safety regulation, discussing the conflicts between EU safety rules and World Trade Organization rulings that occur because EU rules are more risk averse ("precautionary") than those of its trading partners, including the United States.