Cork University Dental School and Hospital - Journal Articles

Permanent URI for this collection


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 72
  • Item
    Oral care considerations for people with cystic fibrosis: a cross-sectional qualitative study
    (Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2023-03-11) Coffey, Niamh; O'Leary, Fiona; Burke, Francis; Plant, Barry; Roberts, Anthony; Hayes, Martina
    Objectives: To investigate the attitudes of adults with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) towards dental attendance and any perceived barriers to treatment. Methods: A cross sectional survey in the form of a structured, anonymous questionnaire was used to obtain information regarding adults with CF’s feelings towards dentists and dental treatment. The final version of the questionnaire was based on a collaborative effort between researchers at Cork University Dental School and Hospital and Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patient advocates from CF Ireland. Participants were recruited via CF Ireland’s mailing list and social media channels. The responses underwent descriptive statistical analysis and inductive thematic analysis. Results: A total of 71 people (33 Male: 38 Female) over the age of 18 living with CF in the Republic of Ireland responded to the survey. 54.9% of respondents were unhappy with their teeth. 63.4% felt that CF had an impact on oral health. 33.8% were anxious about attending their dentist. Respondents believed that CF has impacted on their oral health due to the medications and dietary requirements involved, as well as tiredness and other side effects of CF. Reasons for being anxious about attending the dentist included cross infection concerns, issues with the dentist, with tolerating treatment, and with the teeth themselves. Respondents wanted dentists to be aware of the practicalities of dental treatment for people with CF, especially their discomfort with lying back. They also want the dentist to be aware of the impact that their medication, treatment and diet has on their oral health. Conclusions: Over one third of adults with CF reported anxiety about attending the dentist. Reasons for this included fear, embarrassment, cross infection concerns and problems with treatment, especially being in the supine position. Adults with CF want dentists to be aware of the impact that CF can have upon dental treatment and oral health care.
  • Item
    Knowledge transfer on the use of Atraumatic Restorative Treatment: A mixed-methods study: Knowledge transfer on the use of ART
    (Elsevier Ltd., 2022-01-16) da Mata, Christiane; McKenna, Gerry; Hayes, Martina
  • Item
    Characteristics of wastewater originating from dental practices using predominantly mercury-free dental materials
    (Elsevier B.V., 2022-01-07) Binner, Hannah; Kamali, N.; Harding, Mairead; Sullivan, Timothy; Environmental Protection Agency; Department of Communication, Climate Action and Environment, Ireland
    Dental materials are currently undergoing a revolution. Mercury use, including traditional amalgam (mercury-containing) material used in dental fillings, is now being widely regulated under the Minamata convention, and dental amalgam is currently being replaced by resin formulations in dentistry. These resin-based materials can be tuned to offer varying material properties by incorporation of a range of nano- and micro-particle based 'fillers' for different dental properties and applications. However, these innovations may have a concomitant effect on the waste streams associated with common dental applications, in particular the potential for higher concentrations of novel micro- and nanomaterials within wastewater streams, and a potential route for novel nanomaterials into the wider Environment. These new materials may also mean that wastewater filtering apparatus commonly deployed at present, such as amalgam separators, may be less efficient or insufficient to capture these new filler materials in dental facility wastewater. In this work, we analyse dental wastewater streams from three dental facilities in Ireland with differing amalgam separators in place. The potential overall toxicity, particulate load and physicochemical properties are analysed. The overall risk posed by these new materials is also discussed.
  • Item
    Response rates to questionnaire-based studies in the contemporary dental literature: A systematic review
    (Elsevier Ltd., 2022-09-15) Al Khalaf, Khaleel; O'Dowling Keane, Shane; da Mata, Cristiane; McGillycuddy, Catherine T; Chadwick, Barbara L; Lynch, Christopher D
    Objectives: This systematic review aimed to investigate what is a reasonable response rate for dental questionnaire-based studies in recent literature and to assess the factors that affect the response rates. Methods: We used MEDLINE/PubMed to search the dental literature of 2021 (January-October). Two reviewers independently assessed studies eligibility and extracted data using standardized electronic extraction form. Results: One hundred and seventy-two studies were eligible, of these a total of 149 response rates were reported from 133 studies, whereas the remaining 39 studies were excluded as they did not report response rates. The median response rate across the included studies was 77% (mean=70.8%). We found significant negative correlation between the response rate and the actual number of distributed questionnaires (sample size) (r=-0.4127; P<0.001). We also found an association between the response rate and the area of distribution, e.g., national or international (P = 0.0012). However, a wide variation was observed in the quality of information reported within this review and we did not find clear evidence of association between the response rate and other variables such as questionnaire piloting, number of questions in the questionnaire and the journal impact factor. Conclusions: The findings of this systematic review confirm the association between the response rate and the sample size, where the response rate increases when the sample size less than 300 participants. In addition, a higher response rate could be achieved when the study conducted within the same institution (e.g., university). Significance: Questionnaire-based research can provide answers to several questions that could not be answered by other types of research related to the field of dentistry, dental health practitioners and students’ attitudes and behaviours and more. Questionnaire-based publications can effectively contribute to dental research; thus, dental journals should consider development of a minimum set of guidelines in the reporting of questionnaire-based manuscripts.
  • Item
    Oral disease in people with Cystic Fibrosis
    (Irish Medical Organisation, 2020-10) Coffey, Niamh; O'Leary, Fiona; Burke, Francis M.; Hayes, Martina