Applied Psychology - Reports

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    The Drug Use in Higher Education in Ireland (DUHEI) Survey 2021: Main Findings
    (University College Cork, 2022-01) Byrne, Michael; Dick, Samantha; Ryan, Lisa; Dockray, Samantha; Davoren, Martin; Heavin, Ciara; Ivers, Jo-Hanna; Linehan, Conor; Vasiliou, Vasilis; Department of Education and Skills, Ireland
    The overall aim of the DUHEI Survey was to determine the prevalence and correlates of drug use among the student population in the Republic of Ireland, to inform future policy and practice in the area. The survey population included undergraduate and postgraduate students aged 18 years and over in publicly funded HEIs. The sampling strategy used ensured that a random representative sample of the student population was invited to participate in the survey. The questionnaire used validated scales where available and comprised 10 sections covering: Demographics; Student Life; Drug Use; Readiness to Change; Behaviour Change; Cognitive Enhancers; Student Wellbeing; Social Norms; COVID-19 and Drug Use; Drug and Alcohol Recovery. Twenty-one publicly funded HEIs in the Republic of Ireland participated in DUHEI. Data collection was completed in early 2021, and over 11,500 participant responses were included for analysis. The report presents the findings and makes recommendations for future actions.
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    Early life trauma and its implications for Garda Youth Diversion Services
    (YouthRise, 2020-11) Dermody, Aoife; Lambert, Sharon; Rackow, Anne; Garcia, Juliana; Gardner, Caroline; An Garda Síochána, Ireland; Robert Carr Fund for civil society networks, The Netherlands
    This research explores the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) among a cohort of young people engaged in Garda Youth Diversion Programmes (GYDP), and the implications for professionals working with these young people. The report begins with an overview of the relevant literature in relation to trauma experiences of people within the criminal justice system and professional responses to trauma, namely trauma-informed practice approaches. The literature review is followed by an outline of the methodology including how ethical concerns were mitigated through the research. Following this, is a profile of the young people in this research group, followed by the primary findings section which presents information on trauma type, prevalence and an analysis by various characteristics such as time in care, employment status and other demographic information. The final two chapters – a thematic analysis of focus groups undertaken with youth workers and Juvenile Liaison Officers, and the discussion section, explore implications of the research findings. The report ends with a recommendation endorsed by the various stakeholders engaged in the research process.
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    Measuring individual change - allowing the person to take centre stage
    (University College Cork, 2019-02-25) Hurley, Emma; Murphy, Raegan
    Traditionally, psychology has tended to find a voice as a science by providing findings from large-scale studies. Psychology as a therapeutic discipline, instead, has tended to find its voice by informing us of the lived experiences of individuals. A PhD study in the School of Applied Psychology has merged the need for robust data to underpin the measured changes experienced by individuals (one person) over time. How do we stand over measures of an individual in the same way that we would measure many individuals on aggregate? Normally, statistical techniques are used to assist in inferring findings from large-scale sample studies to the larger population from which they originate. In addition, statistical techniques provide measures which account for chance factors in research design. How can N=1 samples provide us with robust data in the same way that N=1000 samples can? Emma Hurley has investigated this very question in her PhD research under the supervision of Dr Raegan Murphy. Her PhD is embedded within the broader area of dynamic assessment.
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    Traumatic childhoods and later life outcomes
    (University College Cork, 2019-03-15) Murphy, Raegan; Lambert, Sharon
    Research psychologists from the School of Applied Psychology in UCC and affiliated researchers (Graham Gill Emerson, Prof Colin Bradley, Dr Anna Marie Naughton, Shayna Henry and with thanks to Cork Simon, Tabor Group and HSE Addiction Services South) and practitioners from a variety of charitable organisations in Ireland are working in the area of early childhood trauma and associated later life outcomes. Dr Raegan Murphy and Dr Sharon Lambert showcase some of the work in this area.