Archaeology - Book chapters

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    Establishing a lithostratigraphic and palaeoenvironmental framework for the investigation of vibracores from the southern North Sea
    (Archaeopress Publishing Ltd, 2022-08) Bates, Martin; Gearey, Ben; Hill, Tom; Smith, David; Whittaker , John; Kavanagh, Erin
    Pivotal to the aims and associated objectives of the Lost Frontiers project, two phases of fieldwork in the southern North Sea resulted in the recovery of 78 cores varying in length from less than 1m to greater than 5m. These cores span a wide geographic space and many topographic locations from the top of the Doggerbank to a submerged palaeovalley system off the Norfolk coast (Figure 7.1). Additionally, some cores targeted geomorphological saddles between drowned valleys and the interfluves between palaeovalley systems, while others were taken on the margins of assumed submerged lakes or estuaries. This paper sets out our methodology and rationale for the development of a lithostratigraphic and subsequent multiproxy palaeoenvironmental analytical workflow, for the assessment and analysis of cores deemed to be of greatest potential to reconstruct the landscape evolution of Doggerland. Such investigations assisted in the initial provision of first order geological and geomorphological settings for the recovered cores, to guide the subsequent identification of the most appropriate proxy assessments to be applied.
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    Heritage, social justice and Black Lives Matter in Ireland during COVID-19
    (Routledge, 2023-07-14) McAtackney, Laura
    This chapter reflexively examines the role of social media during the COVID-19 pandemic in bringing together issues of social justice and heritage in the context of racism in Ireland. While social media has a global reach, there are often culturally and nationally-specific conversations that take place on social media forums that not only shape wider debates in the mainstream media but can allow for a variety of perspectives and experiences to come into contact that would seldom do so offline. I will use three case-studies–two of which I have been tangentially involved with–to consider how the pivot online has not simply been a social crutch in isolating times but has allowed for broader conversations of social injustice that have been prompted by the pandemic to be explored in detail.
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    Singing in the rain on Hinba? Archaeology and liturgical fictions, ancient and modern (Adomnán, Vita Columbae 3.17)
    (Cork University Press, 2011-07) Ó Carragáin, Éamonn; Ó Carragáin, Tomás
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    Seeking the desert in Adomnán’s Vita Columbae
    (Cork University Press, 2011-07) MacDonald, Aidan D. S.; Mullins, Elizabeth; Scully, Diarmuid
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    Iron Age settlement in mid-west Ireland
    (Sidestone Press, 2019) Becker, Katharina
    Difficulties in answering the question of where and how people lived has for a long time been one of the central obstacles to understanding of Iron Age lifeways in Ireland. The earlier part of this period between 800 or 600 BC is very poorly understood and largely characterised by low levels of archaeological evidence. In its later part, from about 400 BC to AD 400, a rather biased dataset has been highlighted as only reflecting particular, select aspects of human activity (e.g. Raftery 2006; 1994; 1998). A period of crucial interest is the Developed Iron Age between ca. 400 BC and about the turn of the millennium (Becker et al. 2008; Becker 2012a; Armit et al. 2013) that saw the re-emergence of significant levels of human activity. Demographic change has been argued to be reflected in the large set of radiocarbon-dated sites (Armit et al. 2013) and the construction of large scale earthworks, the floruit of Royal Sites, the large-scale adoption of iron working technology, and the introduction of La Tène styles, indicate cultural change (Becker 2012 a, b). While special sites, such as the so-called ‘Royal Sites’ and large-scale structures like linear earthworks, as well as the La Tène artefact record, indicate human presence and activity, no clear evidence for everyday settlement had been recognised (e.g. Raftery 1994). Biases in preservation, and difficulties in recognising settlement or mobile lifeways with low archaeological visibility have been debated as possible explanations for this (e.g. Raftery 1994). In combination with a lack of pottery and palynological evidence for an emphasis on pastoral agriculture, this has increasingly consolidated in a narrative of nomadic or semi-nomadic pastoralists (Raftery 1994; Lynn 2003; Armit 2007; Becker 2010; Dolan 2014), with highly visible special enterprises such as the Royal Sites seen as monumental expressions of otherwise invisible communities. In this context the absence of evidence for settlement has served as evidence for mobility – despite the significant methodological challenges that the positive identification of non-sedentary lifeways and the various degrees of mobility presents.