ItemNeonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy grading from multi-channel EEG time-series data using a fully convolutional neural network(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023-10-18) Yu, Shuwen; Marnane, William P.; Boylan, Geraldine B.; Lightbody, Gordon; Science Foundation Ireland; Wellcome TrustA deep learning classifier is proposed for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) grading in neonates. Rather than using any features, this architecture can be fed with raw EEG. Fully convolutional layers were adopted both in the feature extraction and classification blocks, which makes this architecture simpler, and deeper, but with fewer parameters. Here two large (335h and 338h respectively) multi-center neonatal continuous EEG datasets were used for training and test. The model was trained based on weak labels and channel independence. A majority vote method was used for the post-processing of the classifier results (across time and channels) to increase the robustness of the prediction. The proposed system achieved an accuracy of 86.09% (95% confidence interval: 82.41% ∼89.78%), an MCC of 0.7691, and an AUC of 86.23% on the large unseen test set. Two convolutional neural network architectures which utilized time-frequency distribution features were selected as the baseline as they had been developed or tested on the same datasets. A relative improvement of 23.65% in test accuracy was obtained as compared with the best baseline. ItemSparse-denoising methods for extracting desaturation transients in cerebral oxygenation signals of preterm Infants(IEEE, 2021-11) Ashoori, Minoo; Dempsey, Eugene M.; McDonald, Fiona B.; O'Toole, John M.; Science Foundation Ireland ItemInvestigation of lung volume measurements in neonates using gas in scattering media absorption spectroscopy(Optica Publishing Group, 2022-04) Pacheco, Andrea; Jayet, Bapiste; Grygoryev, Konstantin; Messina, Walter; Dehghani, Hamid; Krite Svanberh, Emilie; Dempsey, Eugene M.; Andersson-Engels, Stefan; Science Foundation IrelandWe perform phantom and numerical studies of the changes in molecular oxygen and water vapor spectroscopic signals, showing the potential of measuring pulmonary volume changes with GASMAS technique in neonates. ItemNon-invasive lung oxygen monitoring in term infants: a pilot trial(Optica Publishing Group, 2022-04) Panaviene, Jurate; Grygoryev, Konstantin; Pacheco, Andrea; Dempsey, Eugene M.; Andersson-Engels, Stefan; Science Foundation IrelandEmploying non-invasive GASMAS based system, lung oxygen measurements were performed on 25 healthy term infants on various chest positions. Oxygen and water vapor absorption signal was detected on most occasions. ItemPericonceptional and antenatal nutritional supplement use in Irish women: data from the IMPROvED Study(Nutrition Society, 2021-12) Kelliher, Lisa; Hennessy, Áine; McCarthy, Fergus P.; Kiely, Mairead E.