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    Cash or non-cash: that is the question - the story of e-payment for social welfare in Ireland part 2
    (2012-05) Csáki, Csaba; O'Brien, Leona; Giller, Kieran; Tan, Kay-Ti; McCarthy, James B.; Adam, Frédéric; Weerakkody, Vishanth; Ghoneim, Ahmad; Kamal, Muhammad
    E-Government in its various forms and extensions, notably T-Government, is often presented as the panacea for resolving such complex social problems as social exclusion, lack of governance transparency, poor value for money and other ailments of modern societies. Yet, E-Government has not been adopted up to predicted levels. Many case studies investigating success factors, maturity models, and the application of acceptance models have been presented over the last 15 years, but a deep understanding of the potential impact and consequences of E-Government is still lacking. This is especially true for those initiatives that involve socio-economic and cultural contexts, which makes their evaluation and the prediction of their impact difficult. This paper reports on an on-going E-Government initiative in Ireland aimed at implementing E-payments for G2C, notably in the social welfare area. Three sets of personal surveys have been carried out to understand the perceived impact of governmental plans of moving from an almost fully cash-based payment system to a fully electronic based solution. Early results indicate that perceived pre-requisites for the planned change may be misleading. The impact on recipients’ lives cannot solely be measured in terms of economic gains: the consequences of such implementation may well reach further than expected.
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    Conflicting expectations in transforming government service processes: the story of e-payment for social welfare in Ireland
    (Brunel University, London, 2011-03) O'Brien, Leona; Giller, Kieran; Tan, Kay-Ti; McCarthy, James B.; Csáki, Csaba; Adam, Frédéric; Ghoneim, Ahmad; Weerakkody, Vishanth; Kamal, Muhammad; Enterprise Ireland; Briconi Holdings Ltd
    Despite its clear potential and attractiveness as a solution to a broad range of societal problems, E-Government has not been adopted to levels predicted in early 2000 literature. Whilst case studies of punctual development of E-Government initiatives abound, few countries have progressed to high levels of maturity in the systematic use of ICT in the relationship between government and citizens. At the same time, the current period brings challenges in terms of access to public services and costs of delivering these services which make the large scale use of ICT by governments more attractive than ever, if not even a necessity. This paper presents a detailed case study of a specific E-Government initiative in Ireland in the area of E-payments for G2C, in the social welfare area. Locating the current initiative in its historical context, it analyses the varied motivations and conflicting requirements of the numerous stakeholders and discusses the constraints that bear on the potential scenarios that could be followed at this point in time.