Food and Nutritional Sciences - Conference Items

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    Plant-based diets: a review of the definitions and nutritional role in the adult diet
    (Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Nutrition Society, 2021-12-20) Kent, Gráinne; Kehoe, Laura; Flynn, Albert; Walton, Janette; Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Ireland
    Plant-based (PB) diets are associated with good health and are also recommended for environmental sustainability. The present review aimed to summarise the definitions of PB diets globally and to investigate the nutritional role of PB diets in adults. This review found that there is a wide range of PB definitions ranging from the traditional vegetarian diets (including vegan) to semi-vegetarian/flexitarian diets. Furthermore, other diets which were originally developed due to their associations with positive health outcomes, such as the portfolio, Mediterranean-style, DASH, healthy US-style, planetary health and Nordic-style diets, have been encompassed in PB definitions due to their emphasis on certain PB components. This review has highlighted that those consuming a PB diet are more likely to meet recommended intakes for carbohydrate, dietary fibre and vitamin E and are less likely to meet recommendations for protein, vitamin B12 and iodine compared to omnivores. Regardless of consumer type, neither PB consumers nor omnivores met recommendations for intakes of vitamin D, calcium and sodium. While intakes of protein, n-3, iron and zinc were generally sufficient from the PB diet, it is important to acknowledge the lower bioavailability of these nutrients from PB foods compared to animal-derived products. As dietary patterns shift towards a more PB diet, there is a need for further studies to investigate the role of PB diets for nutritional adequacy and status in populations currently accustomed to consuming a primarily omnivorous diet.
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    Periconceptional and antenatal nutritional supplement use in Irish women: data from the IMPROvED Study
    (Nutrition Society, 2021-12) Kelliher, Lisa; Hennessy, Áine; McCarthy, Fergus P.; Kiely, Mairead E.
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    Intakes and sources of vitamin K1 in Irish teenagers aged 13-17 years
    (Cambridge University Press, 2018-06-20) Kingston, Ciara; Kehoe, Laura; McNulty, Breige A.; Nugent, Anne P.; Cashman, Kevin D.; Walton, Janette; Flynn, Albert; Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine
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    Dietary determinants of iron intakes in Irish teenage girls (13-17 years)
    (Cambridge University Press, 2018-06-20) Walsh, A.; Kehoe, Laura; McNulty, Breige A.; Nugent, Anne P.; Walton, Janette; Flynn, Albert; Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine
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    Does daily consumption of vitamin K1 from cruciferous vegetables reach the circulation and the knee joint?
    (Cambridge University Press, 2018-06-20) O'Sullivan, Siobhán M.; Galvin, Karen; Heneghan, Clara; Davidson, R.; Clark, I.; Lucey, Alice J.