Economics - Journal Articles

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    Organising for Innovation in Professional Services Firms: Econometric evidence from the UK
    (World Scientific Publishing, 2021-10-15) Bourke, Jane; Roper, Stephen; Love, James H.
    Undertaking innovation involves a range of different activities from ideation to the commercialisation of innovations. Each activity may have very different resources and organisational requirements, however, most prior studies treat innovation as a single un-differentiated activity. Here, using new survey data for professional service firms (PSFs) in the UK, we are able to examine separately how a range of organisational work practices influence success in ideation and commercialisation. In particular, we use principal component analysis (PCA) to identify and compare the benefits of four groups of organisational work practices relating to strategy & information sharing, recruitment & training, work flexibility & discretion and culture & leadership. Strong contrasts emerge between those work practices that are important for success in ideation and commercialisation. Work practices linked to culture & leadership are important for ideation activities, while strategy & information sharing practices are more strongly associated with commercialisation success. The results suggest clear managerial implications depending on the priority.
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    Lifting the hood of supply and demand for trademarks of start-ups: Partial observability estimates
    (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2022-08-03) Power, Bernadette; Reid, Gavin C.
    This paper estimates simultaneously the supply and the demand determinants of the trademark adoption decision made by start-ups. We use a partial observability econometric model, as non-adoption is unobserved. Estimation is by maximum likelihood using the partial observability bivariate probit (POBP) model for an unbalanced longitudinal panel of surviving US start-ups (2004 - 2011). Our model is shown to provide a good explanation of supply and demand determinants of trademark adoption. For example, size, incorporation and expenditure on R&D are important on the supply side; and copyrights, licensing out and being in a high knowledge information sector are important on the demand side.
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    Creating a community of praxis: integrating global citizenship and development education across campus at University College Cork
    (UCL Press, 2022-12-13) Cotter, Gertrude; Bonenfant, Yvon; Butler, Jenny; Caulfield, Marian; Doyle Prestwich, Barbara; Griffin, Rosarii; Khabbar, Sanaa; Mishra, Nita; Hally, Ruth; Murphy, Margaret; Murphy, Orla; O'Sullivan, Maeve; Phelan, Martha; Reidy, Darren; Schneider, Julia C.; Isaloo, Amin Sharifi; Turner, Brian; Usher, Ruth; Williamson Sinalo, Caroline; Irish Aid
    The Praxis Project, established at University College Cork (UCC), Ireland, in 2018, seeks to assess possible models of best practice with regard to the integration of global citizenship and development education (GCDE) into a cross-disciplinary, cross-campus, interwoven set of subject area pedagogies, policies and practices. This study – the first part of an eventual three-part framework – asserts that the themes, theories, values, skills, approaches and methodologies relevant to transformative pedagogical work are best underpinned by ongoing staff dialogue in order to build communities of support around such systemic pedagogical change. This article is based on a collaborative study with the first cohort of UCC staff (2020–1), which demonstrates many ways in which staff and students realised that smaller actions and carefully directed attention to specific issues opened doors to transformative thinking and action in surprising ways. From this viewpoint, the striking need emerged for taking a strategic approach to how GCDE is, and should be, integrated into learning across subject areas.
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    The influence of experiential learning on medical equipment adoption in general practices
    (Elsevier Ireland Ltd., 2014-05-29) Bourke, Jane; Roper, Stephen
    The benefits of the availability and use of medical equipment for medical outcomes are understood by physicians and policymakers alike. However, there is limited understanding of the decision-making processes involved in adopting and using new technologies in health care organisations. Our study focuses on the adoption of medical equipment in Irish general practices which are marked by considerable autonomy in terms of commercial practice and the range of medical services they provide. We examine the adoption of six items of medical equipment taking into account commercial, informational and experiential stimuli. Our analysis is based on primary survey data collected from a sample of 601 general practices in Ireland on practice characteristics and medical equipment use. We use a multivariate Probit to identify commonalities in the determinants of the adoption. Many factors, such as GP and practice characteristics, influence medical equipment adoption. In addition, we find significant and consistent evidence of the influence of learning-by-using effects on the adoption of medical equipment in a general practice setting. Knowledge generated by experiential or applied learning can have commercial, organisational and health care provision benefits in small health care organisations.
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    Prescribing and practice development decision-making in Irish general practices
    (Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2015-06-30) Bourke, Jane
    Background: In Ireland, primary care is considered the appropriate setting to meet the majority of health and personal social service needs, with GPs central to its provision. Irish general practices are characterised by considerable autonomy in terms of commercial practice and the range of medical services they provide; however, little is known about what influences their decision-making with respect to the adoption of new health-care technologies. Aim: The aim of this paper is to provide a holistic overview on prescribing and practice development decision-making in Irish general practices. Methods: A summary of recent publications examining the factors influencing the adoption of new drugs, medical equipment and information and communications technology (ICT) by Irish GPs is undertaken. Results: These studies identify experiential learning, connectedness with others, and GP and practice characteristics as significant influences in the adoption of new drugs, medical equipment and ICT in Irish general practices. Conclusions: This summary identifies possible levers for encouraging the adoption of health-care technologies by Irish GPs.