ItemAssistive technology-based solutions in learning mathematics for visually-impaired people: Exploring issues, challenges and opportunities(Springer Nature, 2023-10-25) Shoaib, Mohammad; Fitzpatrick, Donal; Pitt, Ian; Science Foundation IrelandIn the absence of vision, visually impaired and blind people rely upon the tactile sense and hearing to obtain information about their surrounding environment. These senses cannot fully compensate for the absence of vision, so visually impaired and blind people experience difficulty with many tasks, including learning. This is particularly true of mathematical learning. Nowadays, technology provides many effective and affordable solutions to help visually impaired and blind people acquire mathematical skills. This paper is based upon a systematic review of technology-based mathematical learning solutions for visually impaired people and discusses the findings and objectives for technological improvements. It analyses the issues, challenges and limitations of existing techniques. We note that audio feedback, tactile displays, a supportive academic environment, digital textbooks and other forms of accessible math applications improve the quality of learning mathematics in visually impaired and blind people. Based on these findings, it is suggested that smartphone-based solutions could be more convenient and affordable than desktop/laptop-based solutions as a means to enhance mathematical learning. Additionally, future research directions are discussed, which may assist researchers to propose further solutions that will improve the quality of life for visually impaired and blind people. ItemExploiting usage to predict instantaneous app popularity(ACM Transactions on the Web, 2019-04-02) Sigg, Stephan; Lagerspetz, Eemil; Peltonen, Ella; Nurmi, Petteri; Tarkoma, Sasu; Academy of FinlandPopularity of mobile apps is traditionally measured by metrics such as the number of downloads, installations, or user ratings. A problem with these measures is that they reflect usage only indirectly. Indeed, retention rates, i.e., the number of days users continue to interact with an installed app, have been suggested to predict successful app lifecycles. We conduct the first independent and large-scale study of retention rates and usage trends on a dataset of app-usage data from a community of 339,842 users and more than 213,667 apps. Our analysis shows that, on average, applications lose 65% of their users in the first week, while very popular applications (top 100) lose only 35%. It also reveals, however, that many applications have more complex usage behaviour patterns due to seasonality, marketing, or other factors. To capture such effects, we develop a novel app-usage trend measure which provides instantaneous information about the popularity of an application. Analysis of our data using this trend filter shows that roughly 40% of all apps never gain more than a handful of users (Marginal apps). Less than 0.1% of the remaining 60% are constantly popular (Dominant apps), 1% have a quick drain of usage after an initial steep rise (Expired apps), and 6% continuously rise in popularity (Hot apps). From these, we can distinguish, for instance, trendsetters from copycat apps. We conclude by demonstrating that usage behaviour trend information can be used to develop better mobile app recommendations. ItemCWEmd: A light-weight Similarity Measurement for Resource Constraint Vehicular Networks(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2023-06-05) Cheng Qiao; Kenneth N. Brown; Yong Zhang; Zhihong Tian; Science Foundation Ireland; National Natural Science Foundation of China; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation; Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation of Guangdong Province; Guangzhou University; Guangzhou City; Guangdong Higher Education Innovation GroupGenerating an accurate machine learning (ML) model is of great importance for the Internet of Vehicles (IoV). However, obtaining such a model is challenging due to the fact that sub-groups of in-network vehicles receive data from different resources. A worthwhile investment then would be identifying those groups before inferring models. Similarity metrics are widely used to distinguish different groups. However, the efficiency of most existing similarity measurements is at the cost of increased computational complexity and decreased accuracy, making them unsuitable for IoV’s stringent conditions. To address this issue, we propose a computationally efficient method to measure the similarity of different vehicles, where a simplified version of Earth Mover’s Distance (EMD) is adopted. This distance metric is then embedded into a distributed clustering algorithm to learn the global pattern for vehicular systems. Our algorithm’s overall performance is measured using an Asynchronous Message Delay Simulator. Compared to the best algorithm of the state-of-the-art, our proposed algorithm converges slightly slower (by less than 1%) but improves the clustering accuracy by as much as 20% with synthetic data. Additionally, real-world data collected from Vehicles validates the efficiency of our proposed algorithm. ItemGeneration and prediction of difficult model counting instances(2022-12-06) Escamocher, Guillaume; O'Sullivan, Barry; Science Foundation Ireland; European Regional Development FundWe present a way to create small yet difficult model counting instances. Our generator is highly parameterizable: the number of variables of the instances it produces, as well as their number of clauses and the number of literals in each clause, can all be set to any value. Our instances have been tested on state of the art model counters, against other difficult model counting instances, in the Model Counting Competition. The smallest unsolved instances of the competition, both in terms of number of variables and number of clauses, were ours. We also observe a peak of difficulty when fixing the number of variables and varying the number of clauses, in both random instances and instances built by our generator. Using these results, we predict the parameter values for which the hardest to count instances will occur. ItemPersonal digital twin: A close look into the present and a step towards the future of personalised healthcare industry(MDPI, 2022-08-08) Sahal, Radhya; Alsamhi, Saeed H.; Brown, Kenneth N.; Science Foundation Ireland; H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions; European Regional Development FundDigital twins (DTs) play a vital role in revolutionising the healthcare industry, leading to more personalised, intelligent, and proactive healthcare. With the evolution of personalised healthcare, there is a significant need to represent a virtual replica for individuals to provide the right type of care in the right way and at the right time. Therefore, in this paper, we surveyed the concept of a personal digital twin (PDT) as an enhanced version of the DT with actionable insight capabilities. In particular, PDT can bring value to patients by enabling more accurate decision making and proper treatment selection and optimisation. Then, we explored the progression of PDT as a revolutionary technology in healthcare research and industry. However, although several research works have been performed for smart healthcare using DT, PDT is still at an early stage. Consequently, we believe that this work can be a step towards smart personalised healthcare industry by guiding the design of industrial personalised healthcare systems. Accordingly, we introduced a reference framework that empowers smart personalised healthcare using PDTs by bringing together existing advanced technologies (i.e., DT, blockchain, and AI). Then, we described some selected use cases, including the mitigation of COVID-19 contagion, COVID-19 survivor follow-up care, personalised COVID-19 medicine, personalised osteoporosis prevention, personalised cancer survivor follow-up care, and personalised nutrition. Finally, we identified further challenges to pave the PDT paradigm toward the smart personalised healthcare industry.