A practical approach for increased electrification, lower emissions and lower energy costs in Africa

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Olówósejéjé, Samuel
dc.contributor.author Leahy, Paul G.
dc.contributor.author Morrison, Alan P.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-05-21T08:45:08Z
dc.date.available 2020-05-21T08:45:08Z
dc.date.issued 2020-04-23
dc.identifier.citation Olówósejéjé, S., Leahy, P. and Morrison, A. P. (2020) 'A practical approach for increased electrification, lower emissions and lower energy costs in Africa', Sustainable Futures, 2, 100022 (10pp). doi: 10.1016/j.sftr.2020.100022 en
dc.identifier.volume 2 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 10 en
dc.identifier.issn 2666-1888
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/10004
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.sftr.2020.100022 en
dc.description.abstract The limited access to affordable, reliable and sustainable energy in sub-Saharan Africa could inhibit the region's realisation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. The intermittency and unreliability of power supply in the region has led countries, especially in the eastern sub-region, to implement sustainable energy solutions for rural electrification, thereby improving electricity supply access to underserved and unserved communities. With this focus on rural electrification, a deficit in electricity supply to urban settlements could arise, owing to the economic feasibility of extending the power grid towards securing electricity access for a growing population and the increasing number of rural-urban migrators. This paper reviews existing literature on electrifying sub-Saharan Africa, highlighting the prescriptions for deploying energy solutions in the region. Consequently, a country-level case study on grid defection solutions for Nigerian commercial centres assessing 14 different designs of Integrated Power Systemsâ (IPS) operations against the three impact metrics of cost implication ($/lifetime), greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (CO2 tonnes/yr.) and surplus energy (MWh/yr.), is presented. The systematic analysis demonstrates that an integrated hybrid-solar-photovoltaics (PV)-based system (IHSS) without battery storage, serving 56% of its load from solar-PV and 44% from fossil-fuelled generators provides the lowest cost power supply option. The modelled system generated 25 MWh/yr. in surplus energy and emitted 53% fewer GHG emissions than the largest emitter. A compelling case is made whereby augmenting existing infrastructure with an appropriately sized PV plant will significantly reduce costs and simultaneously have a significant impact on GHG emissions. The generation of surplus energy also presents an opportunity to augment urban electrification through custom-fit sustainable energy solutions and the formation of a transactive electricity market. en
dc.description.sponsorship Petroleum Technology Development Fund (Grant Number PTDF/ED/PHD/ SAO/776/15) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier Ltd. en
dc.rights © 2020, the Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en
dc.subject Beneficial electrification en
dc.subject Economic cost en
dc.subject GHG emissions en
dc.subject Grid defection en
dc.subject Photovoltaic en
dc.subject Urban electrification en
dc.title A practical approach for increased electrification, lower emissions and lower energy costs in Africa en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Samuel Ayokunle Olówósejéjé, Engineering, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2020-05-21T08:35:37Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 515248921
dc.contributor.funder Petroleum Technology Development Fund en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Sustainable Futures en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.identifier.articleid 100022 en


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

© 2020, the Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2020, the Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license
This website uses cookies. By using this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with the UCC Privacy and Cookies Statement. For more information about cookies and how you can disable them, visit our Privacy and Cookies statement