Criterion validity of wearable monitors and smartphone applications to measure physical activity energy expenditure in adolescents

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dc.contributor.author Adamakis, Manolis
dc.date.accessioned 2020-08-07T10:31:49Z
dc.date.available 2020-08-07T10:31:49Z
dc.date.issued 2020-06-04
dc.identifier.citation Adamakis, M. (2020) 'Criterion validity of wearable monitors and smartphone applications to measure physical activity energy expenditure in adolescents', Sport Sciences for Health. doi: 10.1007/s11332-020-00654-2 en
dc.identifier.issn 1824-7490
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/10366
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s11332-020-00654-2 en
dc.description.abstract Purpose: This study examined the criterion validity of one research-based, one GPS and two consumer-based monitors, as well as six freeware Android apps (three pedometer- and three GPS-based apps) in a sample of healthy adolescents, during self-paced outdoor walking and running. Methods: Twenty-one adolescents (15.9 ± 2.0 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. They walked and ran a distance of 1.2 km for each trial. They were fitted with SenseWear Armband Pro 3, Garmin Forerunner 310XT, Garmin Vivofit, Medisana Vifit, and smartphones running the Runkeeper, Runtastic, Sports Tracker, Pedometer, Accupedo, Pedometer and Pedometer 2.0 apps. Estimation of PAEE was compared to measurement from indirect calorimetry. Repeated measures ANOVA, mean absolute percentage errors and Bland–Altman plots assessed accuracy and proportional bias. Results: PAEE estimates from all monitors and apps showed large individual errors, ranging from 13.16% for walking (Runtastic) to 37.46% for running (Vifit). For group-level differences, Forerunner, Runkeeper, Runtastic and Accupedo significantly underestimated PAEE for walking, and SenseWear, Forerunner, Runkeeper, Vifit and Pedometer significantly underestimated PAEE for running. Conclusion: Based on individual errors, none of the monitors and apps tested was accurate for estimating PAEE in adolescents. The only app that had an acceptable error was Runtastic during running. These monitors and apps are not suitable as research measurement tools for recording precise and accurate PAEE estimates. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Springer Nature Switzerland AG en
dc.rights © 2020, Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Sport Sciences for Health. The final authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11332-020-00654-2 en
dc.subject Energy expenditure en
dc.subject GPS en
dc.subject Pedometer en
dc.subject Physical activity measurement en
dc.subject Physical activity monitor en
dc.subject Smartphone app en
dc.subject Wearable technology en
dc.title Criterion validity of wearable monitors and smartphone applications to measure physical activity energy expenditure in adolescents en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Emmanouil Adamakis, Education, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: emmanouil.adamakis@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted until 12 months after publication by request of the publisher. en
dc.check.date 2021-06-04
dc.date.updated 2020-08-07T10:20:45Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 518556677
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Sport Sciences for Health en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress emmanouil.adamakis@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.bibliocheck In press. Check vol / issue / page range. Amend citation as necessary. en
dc.identifier.eissn 1825-1234


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