Fool me twice: How effective is debriefing in false memory studies?

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dc.contributor.author Murphy, Gillian
dc.contributor.author Loftus, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.author Hofstein Grady, Rebecca
dc.contributor.author Levine, Linda J.
dc.contributor.author Greene, Ciara M.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-09-14T10:46:50Z
dc.date.available 2020-09-14T10:46:50Z
dc.date.issued 2020-08-07
dc.identifier.citation Murphy, G., Loftus, E., Hofstein Grady, R., Levine, L. J. and Greene, C. M. (2020) 'Fool me twice: How effective is debriefing in false memory studies?', Memory, 28(7), pp. 938-949. doi: 10.1080/09658211.2020.1803917 en
dc.identifier.volume 28 en
dc.identifier.issued 7 en
dc.identifier.startpage 938 en
dc.identifier.endpage 949 en
dc.identifier.issn 0965-8211
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/10516
dc.identifier.doi 10.1080/09658211.2020.1803917 en
dc.description.abstract Deception is often necessary in false memory studies, especially when the study aims to explore the effect of misinformation on memory. At the end of the study, participants are debriefed, but does this eliminate the influence of misinformation? In the current study, we followed up 630 participants six months after they participated in a study in which they were exposed to fabricated political news stories. We compared the memories of these â continuing participantsâ for both novel and previously seen news stories to the memories of 474 newly recruited participants. Relative to new recruits, continuing participants were less likely to report a false memory for a story that they had been previously exposed to, and they were also less likely to report a false memory for a novel fake news story. Continuing participants were more likely to report a memory for previously seen true events than novel true events. Both groups of participants reported enjoying the experience and feeling confident that they understood which stories were fabricated. Importantly, this study did not find any negative long-term effects of participating in our false memory experiment, and even exhibited some positive effects. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis Group en
dc.rights © 2020, Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. All rights reserved. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an item published by Taylor & Francis in Memory on 7 August 2020, available online: https://doi.org/10.1080/10.1080/09658211.2020.1803917 en
dc.subject False memory en
dc.subject Misinformation en
dc.subject Debriefing en
dc.subject Politics en
dc.title Fool me twice: How effective is debriefing in false memory studies? en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Gillian Murphy, Applied Psychology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: gillian.murphy@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted until 12 months after publication by request of the publisher. en
dc.check.date 2021-08-07
dc.date.updated 2020-09-14T10:39:35Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 527244313
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Memory en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress gillian.murphy@ucc.ie en
dc.identifier.eissn 1464-0686


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