The World Court's emphasis on procedural rules in the recent Pulp Mills case: contributing to the progressive and coherent development of international water law

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dc.contributor.author McIntyre, Owen
dc.date.accessioned 2013-08-08T12:41:10Z
dc.date.available 2013-08-08T12:41:10Z
dc.date.issued 2011-06
dc.identifier.citation Owen McIntyre (2011) 'The World Court's Emphasis on Procedural Rules in the Recent Pulp Mills Case: Contributing to the Progressive and Coherent Development of International Water Law'. Water Alternatives, 4 (2):124-144. en
dc.identifier.volume 4 en
dc.identifier.issued 2 en
dc.identifier.startpage 124 en
dc.identifier.endpage 144 en
dc.identifier.issn 1965-0175
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/1218
dc.description.abstract The judgment of the International Court of Justice in the Pulp Mills (Argentina v. Uruguay) case makes a very important contribution to international law relating to shared international water resources and to international environmental law more generally. It does much to clarify the relationship between procedural and substantive rules of international environmental law. The Court linked interstate notification of new projects to the satisfaction of the customary due diligence obligation to prevent significant transboundary harm. It found that environmental impact assessment (EIA) is an essential requirement of customary international law in respect of activities having potential transboundary effects. The real significance of the judgment is that it held that the duty to notify, and the related duty to conduct an EIA taking account of transboundary impacts, exist in customary international law and thus apply to all states, not just those that have concluded international agreements containing such obligations. The Court confirmed that for shared international water resources, the principle of equitable and reasonable utilisation, universally accepted as the cardinal rule of international water law, is virtually synonymous with the concept of sustainable development, and suggests that considerations of environmental protection are absolutely integral to the equitable balancing of interests involved. The judgment makes it clear that the principle of equitable utilisation ought to be understood as a process, rather than a normatively determinative rule. This ought to help to address widespread confusion about the nature of the key rules and principles of international water resources law and its role in the resolution of water resources disputes and in environmental diplomacy more generally. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.uri http://www.water-alternatives.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=163&Itemid=1
dc.rights © 2011, Owen McIntyre. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License which permits any non commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ en
dc.subject International water law en
dc.subject Procedural rules en
dc.subject Notification en
dc.subject Transboundary environmental impact assessment en
dc.subject Equitable and reasonable utilisation en
dc.subject Sustainable development en
dc.title The World Court's emphasis on procedural rules in the recent Pulp Mills case: contributing to the progressive and coherent development of international water law en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorurl http://research.ucc.ie/profiles/B012/omcintyre en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Owen Mcintyre, Law, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: o.mcintyre@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2013-07-15T16:03:19Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 119941731
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Water Alternatives en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress o.mcintyre@ucc.ie en


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© 2011, Owen McIntyre. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License which permits any non commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2011, Owen McIntyre. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License which permits any non commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.
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