A procedure to identify natural arsenic sources, applied in an affected area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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dc.contributor.author Banning, Andre
dc.contributor.author Coldewey, Wilhelm G.
dc.contributor.author Göbel, Patricia
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-08T13:20:17Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-08T13:20:17Z
dc.date.issued 2008-05-10
dc.identifier.citation Banning, A., Coldewey, W.G. and Göbel, P. (2009) ‘A procedure to identify natural arsenic sources, applied in an affected area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany’, Environmental Geology, 57(4), pp. 775-777. doi: 10.1007/s00254-008-1355-4 en
dc.identifier.volume 57 en
dc.identifier.issued 4 en
dc.identifier.startpage 775 en
dc.identifier.endpage 787 en
dc.identifier.issn 0943-0105
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/12333
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s00254-008-1355-4 en
dc.description.abstract The aim of the study was to identify the geogenic source for elevated arsenic (As) concentrations recently discovered in soils of the Heubach plain, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. Therefore, a catalogue of conditions that an As source has to fulfil in order to be considered as geogenic was formulated, including the source’s linkage to the sink, its mineralogy, As total content, As mobilization potential, groundwater redox conditions and As output. Accordingly, mineralogical, geo- and hydrochemical investigations were carried out, including X-ray diffractometry, microscopy, ICP-OES and AAS analysis and a sequential extraction procedure. Paleo bog iron ores (PBIOs) of Tertiary age, occurring within unconsolidated sands (Haltern-layers, Santonian–Lower Campanian), and glauconitic marlstones (Dülmen-layers, Lower Campanian) were examined. Results indicate that output from the PBIOs is responsible for the elevated As levels. Accounting their diverse mineralogy, five types of PBIOs were defined. Type-dependent, they at least partly fulfil all of the formulated requirements. The relations and behaviour of As sources and sinks in space and time could be clarified for the area of interest. The approach presented in this paper may offer a tool for identifying natural As sources worldwide. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Springer en
dc.relation.uri https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00254-008-1355-4
dc.rights © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Environmental Geology. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00254-008-1355-4 en
dc.subject Arsenic source en
dc.subject Bog iron ore en
dc.subject Germany en
dc.subject Haltern-layers en
dc.subject Mobilization potential en
dc.subject Redox conditions en
dc.title A procedure to identify natural arsenic sources, applied in an affected area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Andre Banning, Enviromental Science, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: abanning@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2021-11-23T15:29:34Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 590468337
dc.contributor.funder Abteilung für Abfallwirtschaft und Umweltkoordination, Kreis Coesfel en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Environmental Geology en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress abanning@ucc.ie en


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