The human impacts of flower farm development in the Ethiopian Rift Valley region

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dc.contributor.advisor Chisholm, Nicholas G. en
dc.contributor.advisor Onakuse, Stephen en
dc.contributor.author Gezmu, Anteneh Belachew
dc.date.accessioned 2014-03-12T16:34:53Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-13T05:00:06Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.date.submitted 2013
dc.identifier.citation Gezmu, A. B. 2013. The human impacts of flower farm development in the Ethiopian Rift Valley region. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.endpage 259
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/1458
dc.description.abstract The flower industry has a reputation for heavy usage of toxic chemicals and polluting the environment, enormous consumption of water, and poor working condition and low wage level in various parts of the world. It is unfortunate that this industry is adamant to change and repeating the same mistakes in Ethiopia. Because of this, - there is a growing concern among the general public and the international community about sustainability of the Ethiopian flower industry. Consequently, working conditions in the flower industry, impacts of wage income on the livelihoods of employees, coping strategies of low wage flower farm workers, impacts of flower farms on the livelihoods of local people and environmental pollution and conflict, were analysed. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods were employed. Four quantitative data sets: labour practice, employees’ income and expenditure, displaced household, and flower grower views survey were collected between 2010 and 2012. Robust regression to identify the determinants of wage levels, and Multinomial logit to identify the determinants of coping strategies of flower farm workers and displaced households were employed. The findings show the working conditions in flower farms are characterized by low wages, job insecurity and frequent violation of employees’ rights, and poor safety measures. To ensure survival of their family, land dispossessed households adopt a wide range of strategies including reduction in food consumption, sharing oxen, renting land, share cropping, and shifting staple food crops. Most experienced scarcity of water resources, lack of grazing areas, death of herds and reduced numbers of livestock due to water source pollution. Despite the Ethiopian government investment in attracting and creating conducive environment for investors, not much was accomplished when it comes to enforcing labour laws and environmental policies. Flower farm expansion in Ethiopia, as it is now, can be viewed as part of the global land and water grab and is not all inclusive and sustainable. Several recommendations are made to improve working conditions, maximize the benefits of flower industry to the society, and to the country at large. en
dc.description.sponsorship Ministry of Agriculture, Ethiopia (Rural Capacity Building Project (RCBP)) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2013, Anteneh Belachew Gezmu. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ en
dc.subject Livelihoods en
dc.subject Decent work en
dc.subject Conflict en
dc.subject Ethiopia en
dc.subject Central Rift Valley en
dc.subject Flower farms en
dc.subject Land grab en
dc.subject Water grab en
dc.subject.lcsh Floriculture--Ethiopia en
dc.subject.lcsh Environmental policy--Great Rift Valley en
dc.title The human impacts of flower farm development in the Ethiopian Rift Valley region en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Food Science and Technology) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder Ministry of Agriculture, Ethiopia en
dc.contributor.funder University College Cork en
dc.contributor.funder Irish Aid en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en
dc.internal.school Food Business and Development en
dc.check.reason This thesis is due for publication or the author is actively seeking to publish this material en
dc.check.opt-out No en
dc.thesis.opt-out false
dc.check.entireThesis Entire Thesis Restricted
dc.check.embargoformat Both hard copy thesis and e-thesis en
ucc.workflow.supervisor n.chisholm@ucc.ie
dc.internal.conferring Spring Conferring 2014 en


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© 2013, Anteneh Belachew Gezmu. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2013, Anteneh Belachew Gezmu.
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