Victimisation of street children in Addis Ababa: factors of resilience and susceptibility

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dc.contributor.advisor Taylor, Max en Lalor, Kevin J. 2014-04-14T14:06:55Z 2014-04-14T14:06:55Z 1997 1997
dc.identifier.citation Lalor, K. J. 1997. Victimisation of street children in Addis Ababa: factors of resilience and susceptibility. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.description.abstract Cross-cultural variations in conceptions of childhood are discussed, particularly with regard to child abuse and child labour. Regardless of cultural background, a universal minimum standard of child rearing is required. The street child literature is reviewed, culminating in an analysis of Ethiopian street children. Theoretically this work is informed by victimology. Concepts shared by victimology and rational choice perspective are discussed, after Fattah (1993a). Victim surveys are described, highlighting their accuracy of crime estimates. Juvenile prostitution, runaways and rape are examined, particularly with regard to their relevance in Addis Ababa. Fifty five male and 135 female street children were interviewed. Interviews with boys focused on delinquency. An age-related pattern emerged, with younger boys less likely to drink, chew khat, steal or be sexually active. Interviews with street girls focused on the differences between girls living on the streets (girls of the street), girls working on the streets (girls on the street) and a sample of homebased girls. Girls of the street come to the street come to the streets for many reasons. Conflicts with a parent or guardian account for almost 50%. They are highly vulnerable to sexual assaults, particularly those 43% who have worked as prostitutes. Girls on the street experience considerably less victimisation. Urban poor girls live in socio-economic circumstances akin to girls on the street but enjoy almost universal protection from victimisation because they do not spend time on the streets. Unprotected by the stability which a family provides, girls of the street experience high victimisation levels. Such victimisation is often the result of reliance on types of work, such as prostitution, which brings the girls into contact with exploitative adults. Resistance to such victimisation is provided by a secure place to sleep, companions, and relatively safe types of work. Such protective factors are more readily available to family based children as compared to those living independently. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language English en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 1997, Kevin J. Lalor en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Street children Ethiopia en
dc.subject.lcsh Children--Social conditions en
dc.subject.lcsh Child abuse--Social conditions en
dc.subject.lcsh Homelessness en
dc.subject.lcsh Poverty en
dc.subject.lcsh Children--Social conditions en
dc.title Victimisation of street children in Addis Ababa: factors of resilience and susceptibility en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Social Science) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en No embargo required en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en Applied Psychology en
dc.check.type No Embargo Required
dc.check.reason No embargo required en
dc.check.opt-out Not applicable en
dc.thesis.opt-out false
dc.check.embargoformat Not applicable en

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© 1997, Kevin J. Lalor Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 1997, Kevin J. Lalor
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