Farmers, agriculture and politics in the Irish Free State area, 1919-1936

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dc.contributor.advisor Bielenberg, Andy en Ryan, Raymond 2014-07-28T11:13:04Z 2014-07-28T11:13:04Z 2005 2005
dc.identifier.citation Ryan, R. 2005. Farmers, agriculture and politics in the Irish Free State area, 1919-1936. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.description.abstract Given the economic and social importance of agriculture in the early years of the Irish Free State, it is surprising that the development of organisations representing farmers has not received the attention it deserves from historians. While the issues of government agricultural policy and the land question have been extensively studied in the historiography, the autonomous response by farmers to agricultural policies and the detailed study of the farmers’ organisations has simply been ignored in spite of the existence of a range of relevant primary sources. Farmers’ organisations have only received cursory treatment in these studies; they have been presented as passive spectators, responding in a Pavlovian manner to outside events. The existing historiography has only studied farmers’ organisations during periods when they impinged on national politics, epecially during the War of Independence and the Economic War. Therefore chronological gaps exist which has led to much misinterpretation of farmers’ activities. This thesis will redress this imbalance by studying the formation and continuous development of farmers’ organisations within the twenty-six county area and the reaction of farmers to changing government agricultural policies, over the period 1919 to 1936. The period under review entailed many attempts by farmers to form representative organisations and encompassed differing policy regimes. The thesis will open in 1919, when the first national organisation representing farmers, the Irish Farmers’ Union, was formed. In 1922, the union established the Farmers’ Party. By the mid- 1920’s, a number of protectionist agricultural associations had been formed. While the Farmers’ Party was eventually absorbed by Cumann na nGaedheal, local associations of independent farmers occupied the resultant vacuum and contested the 1932 election. These organisations formed the nucleus of a new national organisation; the National Farmers’ and Ratepayers’ League. The agricultural crisis caused by both the Great Depression and the Economic War facilitated the expansion of the league. The league formed a political party, the Centre Party, to contest the 1933 election. While the Centre Party was absorbed by the newly-formed Fine Gael, activists from the former farmer organisations led the campaign against the payment of annuities and rates. Many of them continued this campaign after 1934, when the Fine Gael leadership opposed the violent resistance to the collection of annuities. New farmer organisations were formed to co-ordinate this campaign which continued until 1936, the closing point of the thesis. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2005, Raymond Ryan. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Irish Free State en
dc.subject Farmers' organisations en
dc.subject Irish Farmers’ Union en
dc.subject Farmers’ Party en
dc.subject Cumann na nGaedheal en
dc.subject National Farmers’ and Ratepayers’ League en
dc.subject Centre Party en
dc.subject Irish government agricultural policy en
dc.subject.lcsh Agriculture--Ireland--History--20th century. en
dc.subject.lcsh Ireland--Politics and government--20th century en
dc.subject.lcsh Ireland--History--20th century en
dc.subject.lcsh Ireland--Tenure--20th century en
dc.title Farmers, agriculture and politics in the Irish Free State area, 1919-1936 en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Arts) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en No embargo required en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder Irish Research Council for Humanities and Social Sciences en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en History en
dc.check.type No Embargo Required
dc.check.reason No embargo required en
dc.check.opt-out Not applicable en
dc.thesis.opt-out false
dc.check.embargoformat Not applicable en

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