The legitimation of risk and democracy: A case study of Bt cotton in Andhra Pradesh, India

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dc.contributor.advisor Mullally, Gerard en
dc.contributor.advisor Glavanis-Grantham, Kathy en Desmond, Elaine 2014-10-09T11:26:05Z 2014-10-09T11:26:05Z 2013 2013
dc.identifier.citation Desmond, E. 2013. The legitimation of risk and democracy: A case study of Bt cotton in Andhra Pradesh, India. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.endpage 410
dc.description.abstract This thesis explores the inter-related attempts to secure the legitimation of risk and democracy with regard to Bt cotton, a genetically modified crop, in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. The research included nine months of ethnographic fieldwork, extensive library and newspaper research, as well as university attendance in India, undertaken between June, 2010 and March, 2011. This comparative study (involving organic, NPM and Bt cotton cultivation) was conducted in three villages in Telangana, a region which was granted secession from Andhra Pradesh in July, 2013, and in Hyderabad, the state capital. Andhra Pradesh is renowned for its agrarian crisis and farmer suicides, as well as for the conflict which Bt cotton represents. This study adopts the categories of legitimation developed by Van Leeuwen (2007; 2008) in order to explore the theory of risk society (Beck, 1992; 1994; 1999; 2009), and the Habermasian (1996: 356-366) core-periphery model as means of theoretically analysing democratic legitimacy. The legitimation of risk and democracy in relation to Bt cotton refers to normative views on the way in which power should be exercised with regard to risk differentiation, construction and definition. The analysis finds that the more legitimate the exercise of power, the lower the exposure to risk as a concern for the collective. This also has consequences for the way in which resources are distributed, knowledge constructed, and democratic praxis institutionalised as a concern for social and epistemic justice. The thesis argues that the struggle to legitimate risk and democracy has implications not only for the constitution of the new state of Telangana and the region’s development, but also for the emergence of global society and the future development of humanity as a whole. en
dc.description.sponsorship University College Cork (W. J. Leen Scholarship) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2013, Elaine Desmond en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Risk en
dc.subject Democracy en
dc.subject India en
dc.subject Legitimation en
dc.subject Discourse analysis en
dc.subject Critical theory en
dc.subject Genetically modified crops en
dc.title The legitimation of risk and democracy: A case study of Bt cotton in Andhra Pradesh, India en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Social Science) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en No embargo required en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder Irish Research Council for Humanities and Social Sciences en
dc.contributor.funder University College Cork en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en Sociology en
dc.check.type No Embargo Required
dc.check.reason No embargo required en
dc.check.opt-out Not applicable en
dc.thesis.opt-out false
dc.check.embargoformat Not applicable en
dc.internal.conferring Autumn Conferring 2014

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