Structural carpentry in medieval Ireland: continuity and change

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dc.contributor.advisor Rynne, Colin en
dc.contributor.author Geaney, Mary Josephine
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-04T15:30:10Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.date.submitted 2014
dc.identifier.citation Geaney, M. J. 2014. Structural carpentry in medieval Ireland: continuity and change. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/1842
dc.description.abstract The study of medieval carpentry is probably one of the most neglected aspects of archaeological research in Ireland. The principal difficulty is the nature of the evidence, in that timber, unless the conditions are right, rarely leaves a trace above ground. The problem is further exacerbated by the fact that not a single medieval timber-framed building has survived in Ireland. Nevertheless, in recent years, in addition to the medieval roof of Dunsoghley, which up to quite recently was thought to be the only surviving roof structure in Ireland, a further eight medieval roof structures have been identified. Furthermore, an extensive corpus of early medieval mills, with evidence for advanced Roman carpentry techniques, has been excavated, while evidence for Viking houses, on what is probably the largest extant Viking settlement in Europe, have also been recovered. Although post and wattle structures dominate the archaeological record of the Viking period, nevertheless, it will be shown that the Roman tradition of carpentry, evidenced in the early medieval mills from the early seventh century, continued in use in the wider Gaelic community. And it is one of the pivotal points of this study, that with the takeover of Dublin by the Gaelic Irish in the late tenth century, this Roman carpentry tradition was gradually assimilated into the carpentry tradition of the Viking towns, which were now largely inhabited by a mixed population of Hiberno-Norse. Evidence for this Gaelic influence can be seen not only in the gradual replacement of the Viking post and wattle house by timber houses with load-bearing walls, but more importantly by the evidence for waterfront structures founded on baseplates with mortise and tenoned uprights on the pre-Norman waterfront in Cork. Furthermore, it will be shown, that the carpentry techniques used to build the Wood Quay revetments, shortly after the Anglo-Norman conquest in AD 1170, supports this contention. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2014, Mary J. Geaney en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ en
dc.subject Medieval timber oratories en
dc.subject Medieval carpentry en
dc.subject Viking houses en
dc.subject Medieval bridges en
dc.subject Anglo Norman roofs en
dc.subject Anglo Norman revetments en
dc.subject Hiberno-Norse revetments en
dc.subject Early medieval mills en
dc.title Structural carpentry in medieval Ireland: continuity and change en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Arts) en
dc.internal.availability Full text not available en
dc.check.info Indefinite en
dc.check.date 10000-01-01
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en
dc.internal.school Archaeology en
dc.check.type No Embargo Required
dc.check.reason This thesis is due for publication or the author is actively seeking to publish this material en
dc.check.opt-out Yes en
dc.thesis.opt-out true
dc.check.embargoformat Both hard copy thesis and e-thesis en
dc.internal.conferring Summer Conferring 2014


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© 2014, Mary J. Geaney Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2014, Mary J. Geaney
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