Urbanization effects on welfare and income diversification strategies of peri-urban farm households in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: An empirical analysis

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dc.contributor.advisor O'Shaughnessy, Mary en
dc.contributor.advisor McCarthy, Olive en
dc.contributor.advisor Woldehanna, Tassew
dc.contributor.author Mezgebo, Tsega Gebrekristos
dc.date.accessioned 2015-08-12T09:15:40Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.date.submitted 2014
dc.identifier.citation Mezgebo, T. G. 2014. Urbanization effects on welfare and income diversification strategies of peri-urban farm households in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: An empirical analysis. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.endpage 234
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/1890
dc.description.abstract Urban areas in many developing countries are expanding rapidly by incorporating nearby subsistence farming communities. This has a direct effect on the consumption and production behaviours of the farm households but empirical evidence is sparse. This thesis investigated the effects of rapid urbanization and the associated policies on welfare of subsistence farm households in peri-urban areas using a panel dataset from Tigray, Ethiopia. The study revealed a number of important issues emerging with the rapid urban expansion. Firstly, private asset holdings and consumption expenditure of farm households, that have been incorporated into urban administration, has decreased. Secondly, factors that influence the farm households’ welfare and vulnerability depend on the administration they belong to, urban or rural. Gender and literacy of the household head have significant roles for the urban farm households to fall back into and/or move out of poverty. However, livestock holding and share of farm income are the most important factors for rural households. Thirdly, the study discloses that farming continues to be important source of income and income diversification is the principal strategy. Participation in nonfarm employment is less for farm households in urban than rural areas. Adult labour, size of the local market and past experience in the nonfarm sector improves the likelihood of engaging in skilled nonfarm employment opportunities. But money, given as compensation for the land taken away, is not crucial for the household to engage in better paying nonfarm employments. Production behaviour of the better-off farm households is the same, regardless of the administration they belong to. However, the urban poor participate less in nonfarm employment compared to the rural poor. These findings signify the gradual development of urban-induced poverty in peri-urban areas. In the case of labour poor households, introducing urban safety net programmes could improve asset productivity and provide further protection. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2014, Tsega G. Mezgebo en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ en
dc.subject Employment en
dc.subject Farm household en
dc.subject Income diversification en
dc.subject Non-farm en
dc.subject Matching en
dc.subject Peri-urban en
dc.subject Shock en
dc.subject Urbanization en
dc.subject Vulnerability en
dc.subject Welfare en
dc.title Urbanization effects on welfare and income diversification strategies of peri-urban farm households in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: An empirical analysis en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Food Science and Technology) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en
dc.internal.school Food Business and Development en
dc.check.reason This thesis is due for publication or the author is actively seeking to publish this material en
dc.check.opt-out Not applicable en
dc.thesis.opt-out false
dc.check.entireThesis Entire Thesis Restricted
dc.check.embargoformat Both hard copy thesis and e-thesis en
ucc.workflow.supervisor mary.oshaughnessy@ucc.ie
dc.internal.conferring Autumn Conferring 2014

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© 2014, Tsega G. Mezgebo Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2014, Tsega G. Mezgebo
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