Precursor chemistry for oxide related materials

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Kazadojev, Ivan
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University College Cork
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This thesis describes modelling, synthesis, spectroscopic and physical characterisation, as well as application of Magnesium, Calcium and Copper β-diketonate, β-ketoiminate, β-diiminate, Schiff base, amide and fluorenyl compounds. The selected compounds could potentially find application in materials deposition using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), MOCVD, CVD and Sol-Gel techniques. Quantum chemical modelling was used as a tool to perform the comprehensive and rapid study of magnesium and calcium precursor molecules in order to predict which of them would be more successful in ALD of metal oxides. Precursor chemistry plays a key role in ALD, since precursors must be volatile, thermally stable, chemisorb on the surface and react rapidly with existing surface groups. This Thesis describes one aspect of this, surface reactivity between ligands and hydroxyl groups, via a gas-phase model with energetics computed at the level of Density Functional Theory (DFT). A number of different synthetic strategies, both aerobic and anaerobic, were investigated for the synthesis of the described metal complexes. These included the use of different metal starting reagents such as, anhydrous and hydrated inorganic metal salts, metal alkyls and Grignard reagents. Some of previously unreported metal complexes of homoleptic and heteroleptic magnesium, calcium and copper β-diketonates, β-ketoiminates, β-diiminates, amides and Schiff base type were synthesised and characterised: [Mg(hfpd)2(DipPa)], [Mg(hfpd)2(MapH)2], [Mg(hf-ebp)(THF)2], [Mg(tf-Pap)Cl(THF)2], [Ca(PhNacnac)2], [Cu(tf-Pap)2], [Cu(PhNacnac)2], [Cu(hf-ebp)], [Cu(DipPa)] and [Cu(DipPa)2(4,4’-bypy)]. A comprehensive study on the thermal properties of magnesium, calcium and copper β-diketonates, β-ketoiminates, β-diiminates, Schiff base, amide and fluorenyl complexes was performed using TGA and sublimation of selected compounds. Atomic Layer Deposition of MgO using magnesium β-ketoiminate – [bis{(4-N-phenyl)-2-pentonato} magnesium] and β-diketonate - [bis(1,1,1,5,5,5-hexafluoropentane-2,4-dionato)(THF)magnesium hydrate] was performed on Si(100) substrates at 180°C and 0.2 Torr using O2 plasma.
Metalorganic precursors , Atomic layer deposition (ALD) , Quantum chemical modelling
Kazadojev, I. 2014. Precursor chemistry for oxide related materials. PhD Thesis, University College Cork.
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