A craniometric study of population dynamics and social organisation in the European upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic

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dc.contributor.advisor O'Brien, William en
dc.contributor.author Brewster, Ciarán
dc.date.accessioned 2015-08-21T11:10:06Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.date.submitted 2014
dc.identifier.citation Brewster, C. 2014. A craniometric study of population dynamics and social organisation in the European upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/1939
dc.description.abstract The purpose of this study is to explore aspects of social organisation during the Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods using craniometric data. Different hypotheses were tested using geometric morphometrics, alongside traditional craniometric data. The clustering of individuals from the same site, as well as a correspondence to an isolation-by-distance model—particular in the Mesolithic samples—points to population structure within these groups. Moreover, discontinuities in cranial traits between the early Upper Palaeolithic and later periods could suggest that the Last Glacial Maximum had a disruptive effect on populations in Europe. Differences in social organisation can often result from cultural norms regarding post-marital residence. Such differences can be tested by comparing cranial data to that of geographic information. Greater variation in male cranial traits relative to females, after controlling for location, suggests that the overall pattern of residence during the Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic was one of matrilocality. It has been suggested that coastal occupation was density dependent and these populations show a greater degree of sedentism than their inland counterparts. Moreover, it has been proposed that coastal areas were not continuously occupied until the Late Pleistocene due to spatial restrictions that would adversely affect reproductive opportunities. This study corroborates the pattern seen in cranial traits corresponded with that of a more sedentary population. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that coastal populations are more sedentary than inland populations during these periods. This study adds new information regarding the social dynamics of prehistoric populations in Europe and sheds light on some of the conditions that may have paved the way for the transition to agriculture en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2014, Ciarán Brewster. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ en
dc.subject Upper Palaeolithic en
dc.subject Mesolithic en
dc.subject Craniometrics en
dc.subject Social organisation en
dc.subject Population dynamics en
dc.title A craniometric study of population dynamics and social organisation in the European upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Arts) en
dc.internal.availability Full text not available en
dc.check.info Indefinite en
dc.check.date 10000-01-01
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder Irish Research Council for Humanities and Social Sciences en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en
dc.internal.school Archaeology en
dc.check.reason This thesis is due for publication or the author is actively seeking to publish this material en
dc.check.opt-out Yes en
dc.thesis.opt-out true
dc.check.entireThesis Entire Thesis Restricted
dc.check.embargoformat E-thesis on CORA only en
dc.internal.conferring Autumn Conferring 2014


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© 2014, Ciarán Brewster. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2014, Ciarán Brewster.
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