Record of anthropogenic impact on the Western Irish Sea Mud Belt

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dc.contributor.author Coughlan, Mark J. C.
dc.contributor.author Wheeler, Andrew J.
dc.contributor.author Dorschel, B.
dc.contributor.author Lordan, C.
dc.contributor.author Boer, W.
dc.contributor.author van Gaever, P.
dc.contributor.author de Haas, H.
dc.contributor.author Mörz, T.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-20T15:04:21Z
dc.date.available 2016-04-20T15:04:21Z
dc.date.issued 2015-06-22
dc.identifier.citation COUGHLAN, M., WHEELER, A. J., DORSCHEL, B., LORDAN, C., BOER, W., GAEVER, P. V., HAAS, H. D. & MÖRZ, T. 2015. Record of anthropogenic impact on the Western Irish Sea mud belt. Anthropocene, 9, 56-69. doi:10.1016/j.ancene.2015.06.001 en
dc.identifier.volume 9 en
dc.identifier.startpage 56 en
dc.identifier.endpage 69 en
dc.identifier.issn 2213-3054
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/2470
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ancene.2015.06.001
dc.description.abstract Six cores, geophysical data (multibeam bathymetry), surface grab samples and video photography were collected from the area of the Western Irish Sea Mud Belt (WISMB). These data were analysed to determine the radionuclide input from the Sellafield nuclear facility on the eastern (UK) seaboard of the Irish Sea, and subsequently to assess the influence of bottom trawling and bioturbation on the surface and near-surface sediments. Results show significant changes in the sedimentation and geochemical regime in the WISMB due to anthropogenic causes (bottom trawling and radionuclides derived from the power plant). These changes are consistent with the concept of the Anthropocene time period. Levels of anthropogenic radionuclides measured in two of the cores enabled construction of a chronology correlated with recorded values of discharge from the Sellafield facility. Excess 210Pb and the anthropogenic radionuclide 137Cs proved useful as stratigraphic marker tools. These radionuclide data also enabled quantification of the effects of trawling, which was visible on acoustic seabed maps. Bottom trawling has removed an estimated 20 - 50 cm of the upper seabed. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V. en
dc.relation.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213305415300060
dc.rights Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en
dc.subject Irish Sea en
dc.subject Anthropocene en
dc.subject Mud Belt en
dc.subject Trawling en
dc.subject Radionuclides en
dc.subject Bioturbation en
dc.title Record of anthropogenic impact on the Western Irish Sea Mud Belt en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Andrew Wheeler, Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: a.wheeler@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text not available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted until 24 months after publication by the request of the publisher. en
dc.check.date 2017-06-22
dc.date.updated 2015-06-24T13:07:25Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 307035712
dc.contributor.funder Marine Institute en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Anthropocene en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No. !!CORA!! AV permitted after 24month embargo as referenced on Sherpa RoMEO and on publisher's website: "Authors can share their accepted manuscript after the embargo period via non-commercial hosting platforms such as their institutional repository." https://www.elsevier.com/about/company-information/policies/sharing en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress a.wheeler@ucc.ie en


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