Suicide among young people and adults in Ireland: method characteristics, toxicological analysis and substance abuse histories compared

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dc.contributor.author Arensman, Ella
dc.contributor.author Bennardi, Marco
dc.contributor.author Larkin, Celine
dc.contributor.author Wall, Amanda
dc.contributor.author McAuliffe, Carmel
dc.contributor.author McCarthy, Jacklyn
dc.contributor.author Williamson, Eileen
dc.contributor.author Perry, Ivan J.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-12-14T15:04:02Z
dc.date.available 2016-12-14T15:04:02Z
dc.date.issued 2016-11-29
dc.identifier.citation Arensman, E., Bennardi, M., Larkin, C., Wall, A., McAuliffe, C., McCarthy, J., Williamson, E. and Perry, I. J. (2016) 'Suicide among Young People and Adults in Ireland: Method Characteristics, Toxicological Analysis and Substance Abuse Histories Compared', PLOS ONE, 11(11), pp. e0166881. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0166881 en
dc.identifier.volume 11 en
dc.identifier.startpage e0166881-1 en
dc.identifier.endpage e0166881-14 en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/3381
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0166881
dc.description.abstract Objective: Information on factors associated with suicide among young individuals in Ireland is limited. The aim of this study was to identify socio-demographic characteristics and circumstances of death associated with age among individuals who died by suicide. Methods: The study examined 121 consecutive suicides (2007–2012) occurring in the southern eastern part of Ireland (Cork city and county). Data were obtained from coroners, family informants, and health care professionals. A comparison was made between 15-24-year-old and 25-34-year-old individuals. Socio-demographic characteristics of the deceased, methods of suicide, history of alcohol and drug abuse, and findings from toxicological analysis of blood and urine samples taken at post mortem were included. Pearson’s χ2 tests and binary logistic regression analysis were performed. Results: Alcohol and/or drugs were detected through toxicological analysis for the majority of the total sample (79.5%), which did not differentiate between 15-24-year-old and 25-34-year-old individuals (74.1% and 86.2% respectively). Compared to 25-34-year-old individuals, 15-24-year-old individuals were more likely to engage in suicide by hanging (88.5%). Younger individuals were less likely to die by intentional drug overdose and carbon monoxide poisoning compared to older individuals. Younger individuals who died between Saturday and Monday were more likely to have had alcohol before dying. Substance abuse histories were similar in the two age groups. Conclusion: Based on this research it is recommended that strategies to reduce substance abuse be applied among 25-34-year-old individuals at risk of suicide. The wide use of hanging in young people should be taken into consideration for future means restriction strategies. en
dc.description.sponsorship National Office for Suicide Prevention, Ireland (The first phase of the Suicide Support and Information System (September 2008 - March 2011); European Commission (People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007 – 2013 under REA grant agreement n° 316795.) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Public Library of Science en
dc.rights © 2016 Arensman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Suicide en
dc.subject Ireland en
dc.subject Alcohol consumption en
dc.subject Alcoholism en
dc.subject Toxicology en
dc.subject Drug abuse en
dc.subject Alcohols en
dc.subject Age groups en
dc.subject Adults en
dc.title Suicide among young people and adults in Ireland: method characteristics, toxicological analysis and substance abuse histories compared en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Ella Arensman, Epidemiology & Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: earensman@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2016-12-14T14:41:26Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 375655606
dc.contributor.funder European Commission en
dc.contributor.funder Seventh Framework Programme en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Plos One en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress earensman@ucc.ie en


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© 2016 Arensman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2016 Arensman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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