Concurrent iron and zinc deficiencies in lactating mothers and their children 6-23 months of age in two agro-ecological zones of rural Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.author Roba, Kedir Teji
dc.contributor.author O'Connor, Thomas P.
dc.contributor.author Belachew, Tefera
dc.contributor.author O'Brien, Nora M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-01-31T09:35:27Z
dc.date.available 2017-01-31T09:35:27Z
dc.date.issued 2016-12-09
dc.identifier.citation Roba, K.T., O’Connor, T.P., Belachew, T. and O’Brien, N.M. (2016) ‘Concurrent iron and zinc deficiencies in lactating mothers and their children 6–23 months of age in two agro-ecological zones of rural Ethiopia’, European Journal of Nutrition, pp.1-13. doi:10.1007/s00394-016-1351-5 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 13 en
dc.identifier.issn 1436-6207
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/3540
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s00394-016-1351-5
dc.description.abstract Purpose: The aim of this study is to examine the co-occurrences of low serum ferritin and zinc and anaemia among mothers and their children in two agro-ecological zones of rural Ethiopia. Methods: Data were collected from 162 lactating mothers and their breast fed children aged 6-23 months. The data were collected via a structured interview, anthropometric measurements, and blood tests for zinc, ferritin and anaemia. Correlation, Chi square and multivariable analysis were used to determine the association between nutritional status of mothers and children, and agro-ecological zones. Results: Low serum levels of iron and zinc, anaemia and iron deficiency anaemia were found in 44.4, 72.2, 52.5 and 29.6% of children and 19.8, 67.3, 21.8, 10.5% of mothers, respectively. There was a strong correlation between the micronutrient status of the mothers and the children for ferritin, zinc and anaemia (P <0.005). Deficiency in both zinc and ferritin and one of the two was observed in 19.1%, and 53.7% of the mothers and 32.7% and 46.3%, of their children, respectively. In the 24h before the survey, 82.1% of mothers and 91.9% of their infants consumed foods that can decrease zinc bioavailability while only 2.5% of mothers and 3.7% of their infants consumed flesh foods. Conclusion: This study shows that micronutrient deficiencies were prevalent among lactating mothers and their children, with variation in prevalence across the agro-ecological zones. This finding calls for a need to design effective preventive public health nutrition programs to address both the mothers’ and their children’s needs. en
dc.description.sponsorship Irish Aid (Agridiet Project) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Springer International Publishing AG en
dc.rights © 2016, Springer International Publishing AG. The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1007/s00394-016-1351-5 en
dc.subject Zinc en
dc.subject Ferritin en
dc.subject Haemoglobin en
dc.subject Mother and children en
dc.subject Ethiopia en
dc.title Concurrent iron and zinc deficiencies in lactating mothers and their children 6-23 months of age in two agro-ecological zones of rural Ethiopia en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Nora O'Brien, Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: nob@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted until 12 months after publication by request of the publisher. en
dc.check.date 2017-12-09
dc.date.updated 2017-01-27T18:44:30Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 381255359
dc.contributor.funder Irish Aid en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle European Journal of Nutrition en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress nob@ucc.ie en


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