National identity, classical tradition, Christian reform and colonial expansion at the ends of the earth: an analysis of representations of the Swedish and Norwegian peoples in Adam of Bremen’s history of the archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen and the Irish in Gerald of Wales’s topography of Ireland

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dc.contributor.advisor Scully, Jeremiah D en
dc.contributor.author Forde, Britt
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-09T12:47:58Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.date.submitted 2016
dc.identifier.citation Forde, B. 2016. National identity, classical tradition, Christian reform and colonial expansion at the ends of the earth: an analysis of representations of the Swedish and Norwegian peoples in Adam of Bremen’s history of the archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen and the Irish in Gerald of Wales’s topography of Ireland. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.endpage 253 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/3612
dc.description.abstract This thesis compares the representations of the Swedes and the Norwegians in Adam of Bremen’s History of the Archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen (c 1074) and the Irish in the first recension of Gerald of Wales’ Topography of Ireland (1188). Adam and Gerald placed their respective locations and peoples of which they write within the concepts of ancient and medieval geographical and ethnographical thought, as remote islands in the Ocean that surrounded the tripartite terrestrial landmass that constituted the known world. This Oceanic location was believed to influence nature and wildlife as well as the character of the inhabitants; thus they shared a common geographical environment, yet their depictions of the inhabitants sharing this peripheral Oceanic location is widely different. The classical stereotypes about remote Oceanic locations like Sweden, Norway and Ireland encompassed two separate traditions of ethnographical and geographical thought, one positive and one negative. This thesis argues that the cumulative image of the inhabitants that emerges in Adam’s work is a positive representation of the Swedes and Norwegians of his own era, whereas the image of the Irish in Gerald’s narrative is starkly negative. This thesis will suggest that the secular and ecclesiastic context of each writer and their engagement with earlier sources and models, determines their approach to the people of whom they write: Adam’s reform ideals in an era of imperial and papal strife in Germany; Gerald’s concern with church reform, at a time of crusades and the ongoing attempts at a conquest of Ireland. en
dc.description.sponsorship College of Arts, Celtic Studies and Social Sciences, University College Cork (Michael Joseph McEnery Memorial Scholarship) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2016, Britt Forde. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ en
dc.subject Adam of Bremen en
dc.subject Gerald of Wales en
dc.subject National stereotypes en
dc.subject Barbarians en
dc.subject Polytheists en
dc.subject Ancient and medieval geography en
dc.subject Mappae mundi en
dc.subject Periphery en
dc.subject Salvation history en
dc.subject Colonialism en
dc.subject Church reform en
dc.subject Monstrous peoples en
dc.title National identity, classical tradition, Christian reform and colonial expansion at the ends of the earth: an analysis of representations of the Swedish and Norwegian peoples in Adam of Bremen’s history of the archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen and the Irish in Gerald of Wales’s topography of Ireland en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Arts) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder College of Arts, Celtic Studies and Social Sciences, University College Cork en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en
dc.internal.school History en
dc.check.reason This thesis is due for publication or the author is actively seeking to publish this material en
dc.check.opt-out Not applicable en
dc.thesis.opt-out false
dc.check.entireThesis Entire Thesis Restricted
dc.check.embargoformat E-thesis on CORA only en
ucc.workflow.supervisor d.scully@ucc.ie
dc.internal.conferring Spring 2016 en


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