Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey

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dc.contributor.author Feeney, E. L.
dc.contributor.author O'Sullivan, A.
dc.contributor.author Nugent, Anne P.
dc.contributor.author McNulty, Breige A.
dc.contributor.author Walton, Janette
dc.contributor.author Flynn, Albert
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-28T12:35:39Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-28T12:35:39Z
dc.date.issued 2017-02-20
dc.identifier.citation Feeney, E. L., O'Sullivan, A., Nugent, A. P., McNulty, B., Walton, J., Flynn, A. and Gibney, E. R. (2017) 'Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey', Nutrition & Diabetes, 7, pp. e243. en
dc.identifier.volume 7 en
dc.identifier.startpage e243-1 en
dc.identifier.endpage e243-8 en
dc.identifier.issn 2044-4052
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/3706
dc.identifier.doi 10.1038/nutd.2016.54
dc.description.abstract Background: Studies examining the association between dairy consumption and metabolic health have shown mixed results. This may be due, in part, to the use of different definitions of dairy, and to single types of dairy foods examined in isolation. Objective: The objective of the study was to examine associations between dairy food intake and metabolic health, identify patterns of dairy food consumption and determine whether dairy dietary patterns are associated with outcomes of metabolic health, in a cross-sectional survey. Design: A 4-day food diary was used to assess food and beverage consumption, including dairy (defined as milk, cheese, yogurt, cream and butter) in free-living, healthy Irish adults aged 18–90 years (n=1500). Fasting blood samples (n=897) were collected, and anthropometric measurements taken. Differences in metabolic health markers across patterns and tertiles of dairy consumption were tested via analysis of covariance. Patterns of dairy food consumption, of different fat contents, were identified using cluster analysis. Results: Higher (total) dairy was associated with lower body mass index, %body fat, waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio (P<0.001), and lower systolic (P=0.02) and diastolic (P<0.001) blood pressure. Similar trends were observed when milk and yogurt intakes were considered separately. Higher cheese consumption was associated with higher C-peptide (P<0.001). Dietary pattern analysis identified three patterns (clusters) of dairy consumption; 'Whole milk', 'Reduced fat milks and yogurt' and 'Butter and cream'. The 'Reduced fat milks and yogurt' cluster had the highest scores on a Healthy Eating Index, and lower-fat and saturated fat intakes, but greater triglyceride levels (P=0.028) and total cholesterol (P=0.015). conclusion: Overall, these results suggest that while milk and yogurt consumption is associated with a favourable body phenotype, the blood lipid profiles are less favourable when eaten as part of a low-fat high-carbohydrate dietary pattern. More research is needed to better understand this association. Conclusion: Overall, these results suggest that although milk and yogurt consumption is associated with a favourable body phenotype, the blood lipid profiles are less favourable when eaten as part of a low-fat high-carbohydrate dietary pattern. More research is needed to better understand this association. en
dc.description.sponsorship Food for Health Ireland (FHI); Enterprise Ireland (EI Grant No: TC-2013-001); Department of Agriculture, Food and Marine, Ireland and the Health Research Board (joint Food for Health Research Initiative (2007–2012; Grant FHRIUCC2). en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Nature Publishing Group en
dc.rights © The Authors 2017. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Metabolic health en
dc.subject Dairy food consumption en
dc.subject Healthy Eating Index en
dc.title Patterns of dairy food intake, body composition and markers of metabolic health in Ireland: results from the National Adult Nutrition Survey en
dc.type Article (non peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Janette Walton, Firm Programme, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: janette.walton@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2017-02-28T12:24:23Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 384690845
dc.contributor.funder Enterprise Ireland en
dc.contributor.funder Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine en
dc.contributor.funder Health Research Board en
dc.contributor.funder Food for Health Ireland en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Nutrition & diabetes en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress janette.walton@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress a.flynn@ucc.ie en


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© The Authors 2017. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © The Authors 2017. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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