Development and validation testing of a short nutrition questionnaire to identify dietary risk factors in preschoolers aged 12-36 months.

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dc.contributor.author Rice, Niamh
dc.contributor.author Gibbons, Helena
dc.contributor.author McNulty, Breige A.
dc.contributor.author Walton, Janette
dc.contributor.author Flynn, Albert
dc.contributor.author Gibney, Michael J.
dc.contributor.author Nugent, Anne P.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-01T16:41:43Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-01T16:41:43Z
dc.date.issued 2015-01-19
dc.identifier.citation Rice, N., Gibbons, H., McNulty, B. A., Walton, J., Flynn, A., Gibney, M. J. and Nugent, A. P. (2015) 'Development and validation testing of a short nutrition questionnaire to identify dietary risk factors in preschoolers aged 12–36 months', Food & Nutrition Research, 59(1), pp. 27912. doi:10.3402/fnr.v59.27912 en
dc.identifier.volume 59 en
dc.identifier.startpage 27912-1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 27912-12 en
dc.identifier.issn 1654-6628
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/3721
dc.identifier.doi 10.3402/fnr.v59.27912
dc.description.abstract Background: Although imbalances in dietary intakes can have short and longer term influences on the health of preschool children, few tools exist to quickly and easily identify nutritional risk in otherwise healthy young children. Objectives: To develop and test the validity of a parent-administered questionnaire (NutricheQ) as a means of evaluating dietary risk in young children (12–36 months). Design: Following a comprehensive development process and internal reliability assessment, the NutricheQ questionnaire was validated in a cohort of 371 Irish preschool children as part of the National Preschool Nutrition Survey. Dietary risk was rated on a scale ranging from 0 to 22 from 11 questions, with a higher score indicating higher risk. Results: Children with higher NutricheQ scores had significantly (p<0.05) lower mean daily intakes of key nutrients such as iron, zinc, vitamin D, riboflavin, niacin, folate, phosphorous, potassium, carotene, retinol, and dietary fibre. They also had lower (p<0.05) intakes of vegetables, fish and fish dishes, meat and infant/toddler milks and higher intakes of processed foods and non-milk beverages, confectionery, sugars and savoury snack foods indicative of poorer dietary quality. Areas under the curve values of 84.7 and 75.6% were achieved for ‘medium’ and ‘high’ dietary risk when compared with expert risk ratings indicating good consistency between the two methods. Conclusion: NutricheQ is a valid method of quickly assessing dietary quality in preschoolers and in identifying those at increased nutritional risk. en
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Ireland and the Health Research Board (Food for Health Research Ireland initiative (2007-2012); Danone, Ireland (Danone Baby Nutrition) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Taylor & Francis Open en
dc.rights Food & Nutrition Research 2015. © 2015 Niamh Rice et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Preschool children en
dc.subject Toddlers en
dc.subject Nutrient-poor diets en
dc.subject Dietary quality en
dc.subject Screening tools en
dc.subject Nutritional risk en
dc.title Development and validation testing of a short nutrition questionnaire to identify dietary risk factors in preschoolers aged 12-36 months. en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Janette Walton, Firm Programme, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: janette.walton@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2017-03-01T16:32:22Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 309067405
dc.internal.pmid 26058751
dc.contributor.funder Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine en
dc.contributor.funder Health Research Board en
dc.contributor.funder Danone Nutricia Early Life Nutrition, Ireland en
dc.contributor.funder Danone
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Food & nutrition research en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress janette.walton@ucc.ie en


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Food & Nutrition Research 2015. © 2015 Niamh Rice et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Food & Nutrition Research 2015. © 2015 Niamh Rice et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), allowing third parties to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format and to remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, provided the original work is properly cited and states its license.
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