The association between dietary quality and dietary guideline adherence with mental health outcomes in adults: a cross-sectional analysis

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dc.contributor.author Meegan, Amy
dc.contributor.author Perry, Ivan J.
dc.contributor.author Phillips, Catherine M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-13T12:00:00Z
dc.date.available 2017-03-13T12:00:00Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03-05
dc.identifier.citation Meegan, A., Perry, I. and Phillips, C. (2017) 'The Association between Dietary Quality and Dietary Guideline Adherence with Mental Health Outcomes in Adults: A Cross-Sectional Analysis', Nutrients, 9(3), pp. 238. doi:10.3390/nu9030238 en
dc.identifier.volume 9 en
dc.identifier.issued 3 en
dc.identifier.startpage 238-1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 238-13 en
dc.identifier.issn 2072-6643
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/3768
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/nu9030238
dc.description.abstract The prevalence of adverse mental health outcomes in adults is increasing. Although beneficial effects of selected micronutrients and foods on mental health have been reported, they do not reflect the impact of the habitual diet on mental health. Therefore, our objective is to examine potential associations between dietary quality, dietary composition and compliance with food pyramid recommendations with depressive symptoms, anxiety and well-being (assessed using CES-D, HADS-A and WHO-5 screening tools) in a cross-sectional sample of 2047 middle-aged adults. Diet was assessed using a self-completed FFQ. Chi-square tests, t-tests and logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the associations between dietary components and mental health outcomes. Dietary quality, but not dietary composition or guideline adherence, was associated with well-being. Those with high dietary quality were more likely to report well-being (OR =1.67, 95% CI 1.15–2.44, p = 0.007) relative to those with low dietary quality. This remained significant among females (OR = 1.92, (95% CI 1.14–3.23, p = 0.014) and non-obese individuals (OR = 2.03, 95% CI 1.28–3.20, p = 0.003). No associations between any dietary measures with anxiety or depressive symptoms were observed. These novel results highlight the importance of dietary quality in maintaining optimal psychological well-being. Better understanding of the relationship between dietary quality and mental health may provide insight into potential therapeutic or intervention strategies to improve mental health and well-being. en
dc.description.sponsorship Health Research Board, Ireland (HRC/2007/13) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher MDPI en
dc.rights © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subject Mental health en
dc.subject Depression en
dc.subject Anxiety en
dc.subject Well-being en
dc.subject Dietary quality en
dc.subject Mitchelstown cohort en
dc.subject Cross-sectional study en
dc.title The association between dietary quality and dietary guideline adherence with mental health outcomes in adults: a cross-sectional analysis en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Catherine Phillips, Epidemiology & Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: c.phillips@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2017-03-13T11:53:23Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 386981732
dc.contributor.funder Health Research Board en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Nutrients en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress c.phillips@ucc.ie en


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© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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