Profiling postgraduate workplace-based assessment implementation in Ireland: a retrospective cohort study

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dc.contributor.author Barrett, Aileen M.
dc.contributor.author Galvin, Rose
dc.contributor.author Steinert, Yvonne
dc.contributor.author Scherpbier, Albert
dc.contributor.author O'Shaughnessy, Ann
dc.contributor.author Walsh, Gillian
dc.contributor.author Horgan, Mary
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-21T11:01:27Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-21T11:01:27Z
dc.date.issued 2016-02-20
dc.identifier.citation Barrett, A., Galvin, R., Steinert, Y., Scherpbier, A., O’Shaughnessy, A., Walsh, G. and Horgan, M. (2016) 'Profiling postgraduate workplace-based assessment implementation in Ireland: a retrospective cohort study', SpringerPlus, 5, 133 (7pp). doi: 10.1186/s40064-016-1748-x en
dc.identifier.volume 5
dc.identifier.startpage 1
dc.identifier.endpage 7
dc.identifier.issn 2193-1801
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/4138
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/s40064-016-1748-x
dc.description.abstract In 2010, workplace-based assessment (WBA) was formally integrated as a method of formative trainee assessment into 29 basic and higher specialist medical training (BST/HST) programmes in six postgraduate training bodies in Ireland. The aim of this study is to explore how WBA is being implemented and to examine if WBA is being used formatively as originally intended. A retrospective cohort study was conducted and approved by the institution’s Research Ethics Committee. A profile of WBA requirements was obtained from 29 training programme curricula. A data extraction tool was developed to extract anonymous data, including written feedback and timing of assessments, from Year 1 and 2 trainee ePortfolios in 2012–2013. Data were independently quality assessed and compared to the reference standard number of assessments mandated annually where relevant. All 29 training programmes mandated the inclusion of at least one case-based discussion (max = 5; range 1–5). All except two non-clinical programmes (93 %) required at least two mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise assessments per year and Direct Observation of Procedural Skills assessments were mandated in 27 training programmes over the course of the programme. WBA data were extracted from 50 % of randomly selected BST ePortfolios in four programmes (n = 142) and 70 % of HST ePortfolios (n = 115) in 21 programmes registered for 2012–2013. Four programmes did not have an eligible trainee for that academic year. In total, 1142 WBAs were analysed. A total of 164 trainees (63.8 %) had completed at least one WBA. The average number of WBAs completed by HST trainees was 7.75 (SD 5.8; 95 % CI 6.5–8.9; range 1–34). BST trainees completed an average of 6.1 assessments (SD 9.3; 95 % CI 4.01–8.19; range 1–76). Feedback—of varied length and quality—was provided on 44.9 % of assessments. The majority of WBAs were completed in the second half of the year. There is significant heterogeneity with respect to the frequency and quality of feedback provided during WBAs. The completion of WBAs later in the year may limit available time for feedback, performance improvement and re-evaluation. This study sets the scene for further work to explore the value of formative assessment in postgraduate medical education. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher SpringerOpen en
dc.relation.uri https://springerplus.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40064-016-1748-x
dc.rights © 2016, Barrett et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Workplace-based assessment en
dc.subject Postgraduate medical education en
dc.subject Retrospective cohort study en
dc.title Profiling postgraduate workplace-based assessment implementation in Ireland: a retrospective cohort study en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Aileen Barrett, Medicine and Health Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: aileenbarrett@rcpi.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle SpringerPlus en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress aileenbarrett@rcpi.ie en
dc.identifier.articleid 133


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© 2016, Barrett et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2016, Barrett et al. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
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