Orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children

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dc.contributor.author Millett, Declan T.
dc.contributor.author Cunningham, Susan J.
dc.contributor.author O'Brien, Kevin D.
dc.contributor.author Benson, Philip E.
dc.contributor.author de Oliveira, Cesar M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-09T11:08:40Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-09T11:08:40Z
dc.date.issued 2017-10-02
dc.identifier.citation Millett, D. T., Cunningham, S. J., O'Brien, K. D., Benson, P. E. and de Oliveira, C. M. (2017) 'Orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (10). doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005972.pub4 en
dc.identifier.issued 10 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 17 en
dc.identifier.issn 1465-1858
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/4845
dc.identifier.doi 10.1002/14651858.CD005972.pub4
dc.description.abstract Background: A Class II division 2 malocclusion is characterised by upper front teeth that are retroclined (tilted toward the roof of the mouth) and an increased overbite (deep overbite), which can cause oral problems and may affect appearance. This problem can be corrected by the use of special dental braces (functional appliances) that move the upper front teeth forward and change the growth of the upper or lower jaws, or both. Most types of functional appliances braces are removeable and this treatment approach does not usually require extraction of any permanent teeth. Additional treatment with fixed braces may be necessary to ensure the best result. An alternative approach is to provide space for the correction of the front teeth by moving the molar teeth backwards. This is done by applying a force to the teeth from the back of the head using a head brace (headgear) and transmitting this force to part of a fixed or removable dental brace that is attached to the back teeth. The treatment may be carried out with or without extraction of permanent teeth. If headgear use is not feasible, the back teeth may be held in place by bands connected to a fixed bar placed across the roof of the mouth or in contact with the front of the roof of the mouth. This treatment usually requires two permanent teeth to be taken out (one on each side). Objectives: To establish whether orthodontic treatment that does not involve extraction of permanent teeth produces a result that is any different from no orthodontic treatment or orthodontic treatment involving extraction of permanent teeth, in children with a Class II division 2 malocclusion. Search methods: Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following electronic databases: Cochrane Oral Health's Trials Register (to 10 January 2017), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 11), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 10 January 2017), and Embase Ovid (1980 to 10 January 2017). To identify any unpublished or ongoing trials, the US National Institutes of Health Ongoing Trials Register (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (apps.who.int/trialsearch) were searched. We also contacted international researchers who were likely to be involved in any Class II division 2 clinical trials. Selection criteria: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) of orthodontic treatments to correct deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children. Data collection and analysis: Two review authors independently screened the search results to find eligible studies, and would have extracted data and assessed the risk of bias from any included trials. We had planned to use random-effects meta-analysis; to express effect estimates as mean differences for continuous outcomes and risk ratios for dichotomous outcomes, with 95% confidence intervals; and to investigate any clinical or methodological heterogeneity. Main results: We did not identify any RCTs or CCTs that assessed the treatment of Class II division 2 malocclusion in children. Authors' conclusions: It is not possible to provide any evidence-based guidance to recommend or discourage any type of orthodontic treatment to correct Class II division 2 malocclusion in children. Trials should be conducted to evaluate the best management of Class II division 2 malocclusion. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher John Wiley & Sons Ltd. en
dc.rights © 2017 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. en
dc.subject Orthodontic Appliances en
dc.subject Malocclusion, Angle Class II en
dc.subject Orthodontics, Corrective en
dc.title Orthodontic treatment for deep bite and retroclined upper front teeth in children en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Declan Millett, Oral Health & Development, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: d.millett@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted for 12 months after publication by request of the publisher. en
dc.check.date 2018-10-02
dc.date.updated 2017-10-09T11:03:40Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 414213937
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress d.millett@ucc.ie en


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