Automatically identifying and predicting unplanned wind turbine stoppages using SCADA and alarms system data: case study and results
Gallagher, Colm V.
O'Sullivan, Dominic T. J.
Using 10-minute wind turbine SCADA data for fault prediction offers an attractive way of gaining additional prognostic capabilities without needing to invest in extra hardware. To use these data-driven methods effectively, the historical SCADA data must be labelled with the periods when the turbine was in faulty operation as well the sub-system the fault was attributed to. Manually identifying faults using maintenance logs can be effective, but is also highly time consuming and tedious due to the disparate nature of these logs across manufacturers, operators and even individual maintenance events. Turbine alarm systems can help to identify these periods, but the sheer volume of alarms and false positives generated makes analysing them on an individual basis ineffective. In this work, we present a new method for automatically identifying historical stoppages on the turbine using SCADA and alarms data. Each stoppage is associated with either a fault in one of the turbine's sub-systems, a routine maintenance activity, a grid-related event or a number of other categories. This is then checked against maintenance logs for accuracy and the labelled data fed into a classifier for predicting when these stoppages will occur. Results show that the automated labelling process correctly identifies each type of stoppage, and can be effectively used for SCADA-based prediction of turbine faults
SCADA , Turbine stoppages , Alarm
Leahy, K., Gallagher, C., Bruton, K., O'Donovan, P. and O'Sullivan, D. T. J. (2017) 'Automatically identifying and predicting unplanned wind turbine stoppages using SCADA and alarms system data: case study and results', Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 926(1), pp. 01201. doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/926/1/012011
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