Mass transfer analysis of gas exchange through microperforated packaging films

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dc.contributor.advisor Oliveira, Jorge C. en
dc.contributor.advisor Sousa Gallagher, Maria J en
dc.contributor.author Viana Ramos, Andresa
dc.date.accessioned 2018-02-08T09:59:56Z
dc.date.available 2018-02-08T09:59:56Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.date.submitted 2017
dc.identifier.citation Viana Ramos, A. 2017. Mass transfer analysis of gas exchange through microperforated packaging films. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.endpage 338 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/5421
dc.description.abstract The primary purpose of this work was to provide robust tools for the design of perforated packaging based on rigorous mathematical methods. A dimensionless correlation was established based on the identification of the variables affecting mass transfer through perforations. It was proved that the diameter of the perforation is the most important parameter. Air velocity and temperature (via its effect on viscosity and density of air) and diffusivity of gases through air are also relevant to this analysis. The Buckingham π Theorem was applied to identify the dimensionless numbers that provide a dimensionless correlation availing of the principle of dynamic similarity to predict the mass transfer coefficients of both oxygen and water vapour through perforations. As films tend to be much more permeable to water than to oxygen, a study on the effect of water (humidity) on films was also performed. It was found that diffusion and hence permeability can be significantly affected by the water content of the films and therefore the humidity of the atmospheres that the films are exposed to on both sides. A methodology was applied combining the William, Landel and Ferry and the Gordon-Taylor equations with the isotherm of water sorption to obtain the correct effective permeability of films during storage depending on the relative humidity. A methodology was also developed to analyse leakage flow in sealed packages in order to identify the relevant parameters that influence their variability and provide the most robust sealing conditions. The results on this thesis provide substantial data and rigorous mathematical approaches for a more efficient and accurate packaging design to achieve maximum shelf life. en
dc.description.sponsorship Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (0449-14-8) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2017, Andresa Viana Ramos. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ en
dc.subject Permeability en
dc.subject Microperforations en
dc.subject Mass transfer en
dc.subject Modified atmosphere packaging en
dc.subject Dimensionless correlations en
dc.title Mass transfer analysis of gas exchange through microperforated packaging films en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral Degree (Structured) en
dc.type.qualificationname PHD (Engineering) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info No embargo required en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior en
dc.contributor.funder Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en
dc.internal.school Process & Chemical Engineering en
dc.check.type No Embargo Required
dc.check.reason No embargo required en
dc.check.opt-out No en
dc.thesis.opt-out true
dc.check.embargoformat Not applicable en
dc.internal.conferring Spring 2018 en


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© 2017, Andresa Viana Ramos. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017, Andresa Viana Ramos.
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