Natural insurance, conservation of forests and poverty reduction in the semi-arid region of Tigray, northern Ethiopia

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Chisholm, Nicholas G. en Abadi, Nigussie 2018-02-13T12:18:53Z 2017 2017
dc.identifier.citation Abadi, N. 2017. Natural insurance, conservation of forests and poverty reduction in the semi-arid region of Tigray, northern Ethiopia. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.endpage 261 en
dc.description.abstract This study deals with the interaction of vulnerability to shocks, conservation intervention and poverty reduction using a survey of households living along the margins of forests in the semi-arid region of Tigray, Ethiopia. Five major conclusions that have wider policy implications are derived from this study. First, forest environmental resources provide a natural insurance for households vulnerable to idiosyncratic and covariate risks in rural Tigray, enforcing the widely held view that forests are important as economic buffer in hard times. Second, even if forests provide the food security and income they may perpetuate poverty. Third, households in rural Tigray are not driven into forest extraction for coping shocks only but also by diversification strategy, suggesting that the problem for local communities has both the characteristics of portfolio analysis and economics of insurance. Fourth, forest incomes decrease the incidence of poverty while it increases income inequality in rural Tigray. Finally, we find that the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) in Tigray contributes in pursuing the twin goals of poverty reduction and conservation of forests that have often been portrayed as opposing goals. One important policy implication of this study is that government, policy-makers and natural resource managers need to acknowledge the livelihood safety- net role that forests play in rural livelihoods and recognize that environmental protection policies limiting or banning access and use of forest resources can deepen rural poverty. Finally, the study underlines the importance of promotion of public safety nets such as the PSNP, and the promotion of government programmes and policies that increase the productivity of agricultural production and support diversification into off-farm livelihood and income sources to provide positive incentives for forest conservation and sustainable use. en
dc.description.sponsorship World Bank Group (Robert McNamera Fellowship Program) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2017, Nigussie Abadi. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Forests en
dc.subject Shocks en
dc.subject Safety nets en
dc.subject Poverty trap en
dc.subject Counterfactual income en
dc.subject Propensity score matching en
dc.subject Endogenous switching en
dc.subject Tigray en
dc.subject Ethiopia en
dc.subject Heterogeneity en
dc.title Natural insurance, conservation of forests and poverty reduction in the semi-arid region of Tigray, northern Ethiopia en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Food Science and Technology) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder University College Cork en
dc.contributor.funder World Bank Group en
dc.contributor.funder Irish Aid en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en Food Business and Development en
dc.check.reason This thesis is due for publication or the author is actively seeking to publish this material en
dc.check.opt-out Not applicable en
dc.thesis.opt-out true
dc.internal.conferring Spring 2018 en

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

© 2017, Nigussie Abadi. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2017, Nigussie Abadi.
This website uses cookies. By using this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with the UCC Privacy and Cookies Statement. For more information about cookies and how you can disable them, visit our Privacy and Cookies statement