Life cycle assessment of lithium-air battery cells

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dc.contributor.author Zackrisson, Mats
dc.contributor.author Fransson, Kristin
dc.contributor.author Hildenbrand, Jutta
dc.contributor.author Lampic, Gorazd
dc.contributor.author O'Dwyer, Colm
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-09T14:08:19Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-09T14:08:19Z
dc.date.issued 2016-06-23
dc.identifier.citation Zackrisson, M., Fransson, K., Hildenbrand, J., Lampic, G. and O'Dwyer, C. (2016) 'Life cycle assessment of lithium-air battery cells', Journal of Cleaner Production, 135, pp. 299-311. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.06.104 en
dc.identifier.volume 135 en
dc.identifier.startpage 199 en
dc.identifier.endpage 211 en
dc.identifier.issn 0959-6526
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/6051
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.06.104
dc.description.abstract Lithium-air batteries are investigated for propulsion aggregates in vehicles as they theoretically offer at least 10 times better energy density than the best battery technology (lithium-ion) of today. A possible input to guide development is expected from Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) of the manufacture, use and recycling of the lithium-air battery. For this purpose, lithium-air cells are analyzed from cradle to grave, i.e., from raw material production, cathode manufacturing, electrolyte preparation, cell assembly, use in a typical vehicle to end-of-life treatment and recycling. The aim of this investigation is highlighting environmental hotspots of lithium-air batteries to facilitate their improvement, in addition to scrutinizing anticipated environmental benefits compared to other battery technologies. Life cycle impacts are quantified in terms of climate impact, abiotic resource depletion and toxicity. Data is partly based on assumptions and estimates guided from similar materials and processes common to lithium-ion technologies. Laboratory scale results for lithium-air systems are considered, which include expectations in their future development for efficiency gains. At the present level of lithium-air cell performance, production-related impacts dominate all environmental impact categories. However, as the performance of the lithium-air cell develops (and less cells are needed), battery-related losses during operation become the major source of environmental impacts. The battery internal electricity losses become heat that may need considerable amounts of additional energy for its transportation out of the battery. It is recommended that future battery cell development projects already at the design stage consider suitable methods and processes for efficient and environmentally benign cell-level recycling. LCA could provide additional arguments and a quantitative basis for lithium battery recycling. This emphasizes the need to develop LCA toxicity impact methods in order to properly assess lithium. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652616307818
dc.rights © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en
dc.subject LCA en
dc.subject Li-air battery en
dc.subject Li-O battery en
dc.subject Life cycle assessment en
dc.title Life cycle assessment of lithium-air battery cells en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Colm O'Dwyer, Chemistry, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: c.odwyer@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted until 24 months after publication by request of the publisher. en
dc.check.date 2018-06-23
dc.date.updated 2018-05-03T07:38:38Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 353756604
dc.contributor.funder Seventh Framework Programme en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Journal Of Cleaner Production en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress c.odwyer@ucc.ie en
dc.relation.project info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7::SP1::NMP/314508/EU/STable high-capacity lithium-Air Batteries with Long cycle life for Electric cars/STABLE en


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© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.
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