The genetic characterisation of the role of glycine lipids in Bacteroides

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dc.contributor.advisor Clarke, David J. en Lynch, Alli 2018-05-11T14:24:50Z 2017 2017
dc.identifier.citation Lynch, A. 2017. The genetic characterisation of the role of glycine lipids in Bacteroides. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.description.abstract In this study, a functional metagenomic screen was first carried out to identify genes encoding novel bacterial effectors that could solubilise cholesterol, and thus potentially have a role in cholesterol turnover in the gut. Through this screen a gene was identified, called choA, which is responsible for the production of a novel Nacylated amino acid called N-acyl-3-hydroxy-palmitoyl glycine or commendamide, and work presented here determined that commendamide was responsible for the solubilisation of cholesterol micelles. In addition to this cholesterol solubilising activity, commendamide was also shown to possess potent haemolytic activity. Furthermore, phylogenetic and phenotypic analysis determined that ChoA, and its related activities, is present throughout the order Bacteroidales, implying a role for commendamide in the adaptation of these important gut genera to their environments. In all sequenced members of the order Bacteroidales (including the genus Bacteroides) the choA gene is immediately downstream from another acyltransferase, called choB. Together choB and choA were shown to be responsible for the production of a novel group of mono- and di-acylated glycine lipids (GL). Bacteroides are important beneficial members of the human gut microbiota and this study presents data to shown that GLs are an important fitness determinant for Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron both in vitro and in vivo. Finally this study presents data to shown that there is a link between the stringent response (and (p)ppGpp production) in B. thetaiotaomicron and the ability to survive exposure to air, an important element in the transmission of Bacteroides from host to host. en
dc.description.sponsorship SFI 08/IN1/B1843 HIPA10 en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2017, Alli Lynch. en
dc.rights.uri en
dc.subject Bacteroides en
dc.subject Molecular microbiology en
dc.subject Functional metagenomics en
dc.title The genetic characterisation of the role of glycine lipids in Bacteroides en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD en
dc.internal.availability Full text not available en Restricted to everyone for one year en 2019-05-11T14:24:50Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version
dc.contributor.funder Science Foundation Ireland en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en Microbiology en
dc.check.reason This thesis is due for publication or the author is actively seeking to publish this material en
dc.check.opt-out Yes en
dc.thesis.opt-out true
dc.check.entireThesis Entire Thesis Restricted
dc.check.embargoformat Embargo not applicable (If you have not submitted an e-thesis or do not want to request an embargo) en
dc.internal.conferring Summer 2018 en

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