Energy drinks available in Ireland: a description of caffeine and sugar content

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dc.contributor.author Keaver, Laura
dc.contributor.author Gilpin, Susannah
dc.contributor.author Caldeira Fernandes da Silva, Joana
dc.contributor.author Buckley, Claire M.
dc.contributor.author Foley-Nolan, Cliodhna
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-15T12:34:20Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-15T12:34:20Z
dc.date.issued 2017-04-25
dc.identifier.citation Keaver, L., Gilpin, S., Fernandes da Silva, J., Buckley, C. and Foley-Nolan, C. (2017) ‘Energy drinks available in Ireland: a description of caffeine and sugar content’, Public Health Nutrition, 20(9), pp. 1534-1539. doi:10.1017/S1368980017000362 en
dc.identifier.volume 20 en
dc.identifier.issued 9 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1534 en
dc.identifier.endpage 1539 en
dc.identifier.issn 1368-9800
dc.identifier.issn 1475-2727
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/6109
dc.identifier.doi 10.1017/S1368980017000362
dc.description.abstract Objective: To describe the caffeine and sugar content of all energy drinks available on the island of Ireland. Design: Two retail outlets were selected from each of: multinational, convenience and discount stores in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and all available single-serve energy drinks were purchased. The cross-sectional survey was conducted in February 2015 and brand name, price, volume, caffeine and sugar content were recorded for each product. Descriptive analysis was performed. Results: Seventy-eight products were identified on the island of Ireland (regular, n 59; diet/sugar-free/light, n 19). Caffeine and sugar content was in the range of 14–35 mg and 2·9–15·6 g per 100 ml, respectively. Mean caffeine content of 102·2 mg per serving represents 25·6 % of the maximum intake advised for adults by the European Food Safety Authority. Per serving, mean sugar content of regular energy drinks was 37 g. This exceeds WHO recommendations for maximum daily sugar intake of <5 % of total energy intake (25 g for adults consuming 8368 kJ (2000 kcal) diet). If displaying front-of-pack labelling, fifty-seven of the fifty-nine regular energy drinks would receive a Food Standards Agency ‘red’ colour-coded label for sugar. Conclusions: Energy drinks are freely available on the island of Ireland and all products surveyed can be defined as highly caffeinated products. This has potential health issues particularly for children and adolescents where safe limits of caffeine have not been determined. Energy drinks surveyed also contained high levels of sugar and could potentially contribute to weight gain and adverse dental health effects. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press en
dc.rights © 2017, The Authors. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the Nutrition Society. All rights reserved. en
dc.subject Energy drinks en
dc.subject Sugar en
dc.subject Island of Ireland en
dc.subject Obesity en
dc.title Energy drinks available in Ireland: a description of caffeine and sugar content en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Claire Buckley, Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. T: +353-21-490-3000 E: claire.buckley@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Public Health Nutrition en


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