Reducing young drivers’ crash risk: Are we there yet? An ecological systems-based review of the last decade of research

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dc.contributor.author Cassarino, Marica
dc.contributor.author Murphy, Gillian
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-19T16:00:52Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-19T16:00:52Z
dc.date.issued 2018-07
dc.identifier.citation Cassarino, M. and Murphy, G. (2018) 'Reducing young drivers’ crash risk: Are we there yet? An ecological systems-based review of the last decade of research', Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 56, pp. 54-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2018.04.003 en
dc.identifier.volume 56 en
dc.identifier.startpage 54 en
dc.identifier.endpage 73 en
dc.identifier.issn 1369-8478
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/6372
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.trf.2018.04.003
dc.description.abstract The involvement of young novice drivers in road crashes and violations has remained a significant transport and public health issue worldwide. Despite extensive evidence that multiple individual, social, and environmental factors contribute to risk while driving, crashes among young novice drivers have decreased only marginally. There is a need to define clear indicators of risk as well as develop effective interventions. The current study reviews the literature on young novice drivers, including empirical studies, systematic reviews, and crash reports published over the past ten years to provide a synthesis of risk and protective factors across multiple domains, from individual characteristics, to social influences, to behavioural and social interventions, to the car and road environment. Adopting an ecological systems perspective, we discuss links between these domains to clarify the strongest indicators of risk for young novice drivers as compared to experienced drivers, and we collate the available evidence on social and environmental factors that can improve young drivers’ behaviour so to reduce the rate of their road crashes. Among the factors discussed, the incomplete maturation of cognitive skills crucial to safe driving (visual scanning, hazard anticipation, handling of in-vehicle distractions) and the higher susceptibility to social influences (especially peers and parents) emerged as the strongest determinants of discrepancies in performance between young novice and experienced drivers. Growing awareness of the complex array of factors intervening synergistically in young drivers’ risk, as well as technological advancements have led to the design of interventions with some level of effectiveness, however, further research and more robust programmes adopting ecological and holistic approaches are needed to fully address the young driver problem. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1369847817307192
dc.rights © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license. en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subject Young driver en
dc.subject Novice en
dc.subject Risk en
dc.subject Ecological systems en
dc.subject Development en
dc.title Reducing young drivers’ crash risk: Are we there yet? An ecological systems-based review of the last decade of research en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Marica Cassarino, Applied Psychology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: mcassarino@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted until 24 months after publication by the request of the publisher. en
dc.check.date 2020-07-01
dc.date.updated 2018-06-18T10:55:32Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 442041991
dc.internal.rssid 449894325
dc.contributor.funder Liberty Insurance DAC en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Transportation Research Part F-Traffic Psychology And Behaviour en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress mcassarino@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress gillian.murphy@ucc.ie en


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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.
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