Temperament and character correlates of neuropsychological performance

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dc.contributor.author Cassimjee, Nafisa
dc.contributor.author Murphy, Raegan
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-21T14:25:21Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-21T14:25:21Z
dc.date.issued 2010-06
dc.identifier.citation Cassimjee, N; Murphy, R; (2010) 'Temperament and character correlates of neuropsychological performance'. South African Journal of Psychology, 40 (20):125-138. en
dc.identifier.volume 40 en
dc.identifier.issued 2 en
dc.identifier.startpage 125 en
dc.identifier.endpage 138 en
dc.identifier.issn 0081-2463
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/697
dc.description.abstract We investigate the association between temperament and character dimensions, on the one hand,and computerised neuropsychological test performance, on the other hand. Temperament and character dimensions were operationalised as scores on the subscales of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), a 240-item measure that is based on the psychobiological theory of personality. Neuropsychological outcomes were measured on six computerised tests of executive functioning and abstract reasoning from the University of Pennsylvania Computerised Neuropsychological Test Battery (PennCNP). The executive and abstract reasoning tasks included a test of Motor Praxis (MPRAXIS), the Penn Abstraction, Inhibition and Working Memory Task (AIM), the Letter-N-Back (LNB2), the Penn Conditional Exclusion Task (PCET), the Penn Short Logical Reasoning Task (SPVRT) and the Short Raven s Progressive Matrices (SRAVEN). Results from this exploratory study yielded significant associations between neuropsychological performance and temperament and character traits. The temperament traits of Harm Avoidance and Reward Dependencewere positively correlated with reaction time on the AIM and the SPVRT. The character dimension of Self-Transcendence was significantly associated with performance accuracy on the AIM and the temperament dimension of Novelty Seeking was inversely related to performance accuracy on the LNB2. These results confirm the importance of addressing the temperament and character correlates of neuropsychological performance in both clinical and non-clinical studies. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Psychological Society of South Africa en
dc.relation.uri http://www.psyssa.com/Mypsyssa/myjournal.asp
dc.rights © Psychological Society of South Africa. All rights reserved. en
dc.subject Character en
dc.subject Executive functioning en
dc.subject Neuropsychology en
dc.subject Psychobiological theory en
dc.subject Personality en
dc.subject Temperament en
dc.title Temperament and character correlates of neuropsychological performance en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorurl http://publish.ucc.ie/researchprofiles/A011/raeganmurphy en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Raegan Murphy, Applied Psychology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: raegan.murphy@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2012-02-10T15:14:08Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 21444391
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle South African Journal of Psychology en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Contacted publisher 3 times. No response. en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress raegan.murphy@ucc.ie en

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