Case fatality ratios for serious emergency conditions in the Republic of Ireland: a longitudinal investigation of trends over the period 2002-2014 using joinpoint analysis

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Lynch, Brenda
Fitzgerald, Anthony P.
Corcoran, Paul
Healy, Orla
Buckley, Claire M.
Foley, Conor
Browne, John P.
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Background: In the past decade, the Republic of Ireland has undertaken significant reconfiguration programmes to improve emergency services. During this time the public healthcare system experienced a large real decrease in resources. This study assesses national and regional population outcomes over the period 2002–2014, and whether changes coincide with system reconfiguration and the financial restrictions imposed by the 2008 recession. Methods: Case fatality ratios (CFRs) were constructed for emergency conditions for 2002–2014. Total emergency conditions and individual condition trends were analysed nationally using joinpoint analysis. National results informed the investigation of trends at a regional and county level using an inverse standard error weighted generalised linear model with a log link to construct funnel plots. County-level CFRs were compared for the first and last 3 years of the period to further investigate the changes to county results over the 13 year period, specifically in comparison to the national-level CFR. Results: Nationally, there was an annual fall in CFRs (2.1%). The decline was faster from 2002 to 2007 (annual percentage change = − 3.4; 95% CI-4.4, − 2.4), compared to 2007–2014 (annual percentage change = − 1.2; 95% CI -1.9, − 0.5). The South-East had a lower rate of decrease and the West had a higher rate. Cross sectional analysis of two periods (2002–2004 and 2012–2014) showed high consistency in the counties performance relative to the national CFR in both periods. Conclusion: Change in the national trend coincided with the onset of economic stress on the public health system. Attributing the decline in CFR improvement to economic factors is weakened by the uneven nature of the trend change. No distinct pattern of change was identified among regions which underwent substantial reconfiguration of emergency services.
Reconfiguration , Emergency care , Health systems , Regional variations , Acute myocardial-infarction , Mortality , Deprivation , England , Stroke , Wales , Guidelines , Distance
Lynch, B., Fitzgerald, A. P., Corcoran, P., Healy, O., Buckley, C., Foley, C. and Browne, J. (2018) 'Case fatality ratios for serious emergency conditions in the Republic of Ireland: a longitudinal investigation of trends over the period 2002–2014 using joinpoint analysis', BMC Health Services Research, 18(1), 474 (12 pp). doi:10.1186/s12913-018-3260-1