Males' awareness of benign testicular disorders: an integrative review

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dc.contributor.author Saab, Mohamad M.
dc.contributor.author Landers, Margaret
dc.contributor.author Hegarty, Josephine
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-24T15:20:57Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-24T15:20:57Z
dc.date.issued 2016-01-18
dc.identifier.citation Saab, M. M., Landers, M. and Hegarty, J. (2018) 'Males’ Awareness of Benign Testicular Disorders: An Integrative Review', American Journal of Men's Health, 12(3), pp. 556-566. doi: 10.1177/1557988315626508 en
dc.identifier.volume 12 en
dc.identifier.issued 3 en
dc.identifier.startpage 556 en
dc.identifier.endpage 566 en
dc.identifier.issn 1557-9883
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/7044
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/1557988315626508
dc.description.abstract Disorders that affect the testes can range from painless and benign to debilitating and life threatening. Despite the availability of literature on the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of benign testicular disorders (BTD), very little is known about men’s awareness of these conditions. The aim of this review was to extract and analyze evidence from studies that explored males’ awareness of BTD. Four e-databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and PubMed) were thoroughly searched and four articles met the review inclusion criteria. The quality of the included studies was appraised and data were extracted and cross-checked using a standardized data extraction table. It was determined that participants lacked education about testicular self-examination and scrotal signs and symptoms which contributed to their lack of awareness of BTD. Help seeking in the event of scrotal abnormalities was suboptimal which is alarming given the acuteness of some BTD such as testicular torsion. Individuals who are at risk for health disparities were underrepresented in the reviewed literature. Findings from this review highlight the need to address barriers to BTD knowledge and help seeking. This could be achieved through making use of past interventions that succeeded in increasing men’s awareness of testicular cancer such as university campaigns and mass media. From a practical standpoint, clinicians must be encouraged to educate young men about BTD. This could be attained through tailoring creative educational interventions that are sensitive to the needs of individuals who are at risk for health disparities. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Sage Publications en
dc.relation.uri http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1557988315626508
dc.rights © The Author(s) 2016. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications. en
dc.subject Benign testicular disorders en
dc.subject Awareness en
dc.subject Knowledge en
dc.subject Help seeking en
dc.subject Males en
dc.subject Male university-students en
dc.subject Self-examination en
dc.subject Public awareness en
dc.subject Cancer awareness en
dc.subject Knowledge en
dc.subject Information en
dc.subject Diagnosis en
dc.subject Health en
dc.subject Men en
dc.subject Epididymitis en
dc.title Males' awareness of benign testicular disorders: an integrative review en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Mohamad Saab, Nursing & Midwifery, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: mohamadsaab@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2018-10-24T11:09:55Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 439007161
dc.internal.wokid WOS:000432043100007
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle American Journal of Men's Health en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress mohamadsaab@ucc.ie en


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