Exploring awareness and help-seeking intentions for testicular symptoms among heterosexual, gay, and bisexual men in Ireland: a qualitative descriptive study

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Saab, Mohamad M.
dc.contributor.author Landers, Margaret
dc.contributor.author Hegarty, Josephine
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-25T08:40:44Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-25T08:40:44Z
dc.date.issued 2016-11-28
dc.identifier.citation Saab, M.M., Landers, M. and Hegarty, J. (2017) 'Exploring awareness and help-seeking intentions for testicular symptoms among heterosexual, gay, and bisexual men in Ireland: a qualitative descriptive study', International Journal of Nursing Studies, 67, pp. 41-50. doi:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.11.016 en
dc.identifier.volume 67 en
dc.identifier.startpage 41 en
dc.identifier.endpage 50 en
dc.identifier.issn 0020-7489
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/7046
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.11.016
dc.description.abstract Background: The incidence of malignant and benign testicular disorders among young men is on the rise. Evidence from three reviews suggest that men's knowledge of these disorders is lacking and their help seeking intention for testicular symptoms is suboptimal. Qualitative studies have addressed men's awareness of testicular cancer, with none exploring their awareness of non-malignant diseases such as epididymitis, testicular torsion, and varicocele and none including sexual minorities. Objective: To explore, in-depth, heterosexual, gay, and bisexual men's awareness of testicular disorders and their help-seeking intentions for testicular symptoms in the Irish context. Design: This study used a qualitative descriptive approach. Data were collected via face-to-face individual interviews and focus groups. Settings: Participation was sought from a number of community and youth organisations and one university in Southern Ireland. Participants: Maximum variation and snowball sampling were used to recruit a heterogeneous sample. A total of 29 men partook in this study. Participants were men, aged between 18 and 50 years, and residents of the Republic of Ireland. Methods: All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Reflective field notes were taken following each interview. A summary of the interview was shared with selected participants for member check. Data were analysed and validated by three researchers. Inductive qualitative analysis of manifest content was used. Latent content was captured in the field notes. Data analysis yielded two key themes. Results: The themes that emerged from the interviews were: Awareness of testicular disorders and their screening, and help-seeking intentions for testicular symptoms. Although most participants heard of testicular cancer, most did not know the different aspects of this malignancy including its risk factors, symptoms, treatments, and screening. Several men had a number of misconceptions around testicular disorders which negatively impacted their intentions to seek prompt help. Intentions to delay help seeking for testicular symptoms were often linked to a number of emotional factors including fear and embarrassment, and social normative factors such as machoism and stoicism. In this study, culture was perceived by some participants as a barrier to awareness and help-seeking. In contrast, many believed that young men, especially those who self-identify as gay, are becoming increasingly interested in their own health. Conclusion: Findings suggest the need to educate young men about testicular disorders and symptoms. This could be achieved through conducting health promotion campaigns that appeal to younger men, drafting national men's health policies, and normalising open discussions about testicular health at a young age. en
dc.description.sponsorship University College Cork (School of Nursing and Midwifery PhD Scholarship) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier Ltd. en
dc.rights © 2016, Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license. en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en
dc.subject Awareness en
dc.subject Help-seeking behaviour en
dc.subject Homosexuality en
dc.subject Intentions en
dc.subject Men en
dc.subject Qualitative research en
dc.subject Testicular cancer en
dc.subject Testicular diseases en
dc.title Exploring awareness and help-seeking intentions for testicular symptoms among heterosexual, gay, and bisexual men in Ireland: a qualitative descriptive study en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Mohamad Saab, Nursing & Midwifery, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: mohamadsaab@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2018-10-24T10:37:31Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 421654780
dc.internal.wokid WOS:000395610700008
dc.contributor.funder University College Cork en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle International Journal of Nursing Studies en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress mohamadsaab@ucc.ie en


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

© 2016, Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2016, Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.
This website uses cookies. By using this website, you consent to the use of cookies in accordance with the UCC Privacy and Cookies Statement. For more information about cookies and how you can disable them, visit our Privacy and Cookies statement