Promoting men’s awareness, self-examination, and help-seeking for testicular disorders: a systematic review of interventions [version 2; referees: 2 approved]

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dc.contributor.author Saab, Mohamad M.
dc.contributor.author Davoren, Martin P.
dc.contributor.author Murphy, Aileen
dc.contributor.author Murphy, David
dc.contributor.author Cooke, Eoghan
dc.contributor.author Landers, Margaret
dc.contributor.author Fitzgerald, Serena M.
dc.contributor.author Richardson, Noel
dc.contributor.author Rovito, Michael
dc.contributor.author Von Wagner, Christian
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-25T08:53:28Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-25T08:53:28Z
dc.date.issued 2018-07-06
dc.identifier.citation Saab, M. M., Davoren, M., Murphy, A., Murphy, D., Cooke, E., Landers, M., Fitzgerald, S.,Richardson, N., Rovito, M. and Von Wagner, C. (2018) 'Promoting men’s awareness, self-examination, and help-seeking for testicular disorders: a systematic review of interventions [version 2; referees: 2 approved]', HRB Open Research, 1(16), pp. 1-19. doi:10.12688/hrbopenres.12837.2 en
dc.identifier.volume 1 en
dc.identifier.issued 16 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 19 en
dc.identifier.issn 2515-4826
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/7047
dc.identifier.doi 10.12688/hrbopenres.12837.2
dc.description.abstract Background: Testicular cancer (TC) is commonly diagnosed among men aged 15-40 years. The incidence of TC is on the rise. Benign testicular disorders such as testicular torsion and epididymitis can lead to testicular ischemia, sepsis, and infertility if left untreated. This systematic review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of studies promoting menâ s knowledge and awareness of testicular disorders and/or self-examination, behaviours and/or intentions to examine their testes, and help-seeking behaviours and/or intentions for testicular symptoms. Methods: Academic Search Complete, Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO, ERIC, the Cochrane Library, the World Health Organisation International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Clinicaltrials.gov, Grey Literature Report, and Open Grey were searched for studies published between November 2014 and April 2018. The methodological quality and level of evidence per outcome were assessed. Results: There were five papers included: two were experimental studies, two were systematic reviews, and one was an integrative review. The majority of the reviewed interventions were successful in increasing menâ s awareness of TC and self-examination. Examples include a television show featuring a celebrity with TC, a university campaign, and interactive educational sessions. The impact of the reviewed interventions on health beliefs (i.e. perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, and self-efficacy) varied across the reviewed literature. Studies promoting help-seeking for testicular symptoms and awareness of benign testicular disorders were lacking. Conclusions: This review highlights the importance of evaluating educational interventions aimed at younger men, whilst raising their awareness of testicular disorders and increasing their help-seeking intentions for testicular symptoms. Given the lack of consensus around scheduled testicular self-examination among younger men, clinicians are encouraged to instruct men to familiarise themselves with the look and feel of their own testes and to seek timely medical attention for abnormalities. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Health Research Board en
dc.rights © 2018, the Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Awareness en
dc.subject Health promotion en
dc.subject Help-seeking en
dc.subject Systematic review en
dc.subject Testicular cancer en
dc.subject Testicular diseases en
dc.subject Testicular self-examination en
dc.subject Men's health en
dc.title Promoting men’s awareness, self-examination, and help-seeking for testicular disorders: a systematic review of interventions [version 2; referees: 2 approved] en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Mohamad Saab, Nursing & Midwifery, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: mohamadsaab@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.date.updated 2018-10-24T09:16:33Z
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.internal.rssid 459096120
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle HRB Open Research en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress mohamadsaab@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress aileen.murphy@ucc.ie en


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© 2018, the Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2018, the Authors. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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