Enhancing men's awareness of testicular disorders using a virtual reality intervention: a pre-post pilot study.

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dc.contributor.author Saab, Mohamad M.
dc.contributor.author Landers, Margaret
dc.contributor.author Cooke, Eoghan
dc.contributor.author Murphy, David
dc.contributor.author Davoren, Martin P.
dc.contributor.author Hegarty, Josephine
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-25T10:44:06Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-25T10:44:06Z
dc.date.issued 2018-07-01
dc.identifier.citation Saab, M. M., Landers, M., Cooke, E., Murphy, D., Davoren, M. and Hegarty, J. (2018) 'Enhancing Men's Awareness of Testicular Disorders using a virtual reality intervention: a pre-post pilot study', Nursing Research, 67(5), pp. 349-358. doi:10.1097/NNR.0000000000000303 en
dc.identifier.volume 67 en
dc.identifier.issued 5 en
dc.identifier.startpage 349 en
dc.identifier.endpage 358 en
dc.identifier.issn 1538-9847
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/7050
dc.identifier.doi 10.1097/NNR.0000000000000303
dc.description.abstract Background: The incidence of benign and malignant testicular disorders is on the rise. Three literature reviews and one qualitative study found that men’s awareness of testicular disorders was lacking, and their intentions to seek help for symptoms of testicular disease were low. Objectives: The aim of the study was to enhance men’s awareness of testicular disorders, help-seeking intentions for testicular symptoms, and intention and behavior to feel their testes. Methods: Men aged 18–50 years were recruited from a university and asked to engage in a three-level, educational, virtual reality experience. The Medical Research Council framework guided the development and pilot testing of the intervention. Knowledge, awareness, perceived risk, implementation intentions, help-seeking intentions, and behaviors were measured at pretest (T0), immediately posttest (T1), and 1 month posttest (T2). Results: Data were available from 49 participants. In comparison to T0, a significant increase in knowledge (mean difference [MD] = 3.5, 95% CI [2.8, 4.26]); testicular awareness (MD = 0.2, 95% CI [0.01, 0.41]); implementation intentions (MD = 0.6, 95% CI [0.33, 0.90]); and help-seeking intentions for testicular swelling (MD = 0.3, 95% CI [0.12, 0.51]), lumpiness (MD = 0.3, 95% CI [0.08, 0.46]), and pain (MD = 0.6, 95% CI [0.25, 1.01]) was noted at T1. This increase was maintained at T2. Participants who expressed an intention to feel their testes at T0 were more likely to report performing this behavior at T2. Discussion: The intervention succeeded in promoting knowledge, testicular awareness, implementation intentions, help-seeking intentions, and behaviors. A randomized controlled trial of the Enhancing Men’s Awareness of Testicular Disorders intervention with a larger sample size is warranted. en
dc.description.sponsorship University College Cork (Catherine McAuley School of Nursing and Midwifery PhD Scholarship) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. en
dc.rights © 2018, Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved. This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Nursing Research. To access the final edited and published work see https://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000303 en
dc.subject Awareness en
dc.subject Health promotion en
dc.subject Pilot study en
dc.subject Testicular cancer en
dc.subject Testicular disorders en
dc.subject Virtual reality en
dc.title Enhancing men's awareness of testicular disorders using a virtual reality intervention: a pre-post pilot study. en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Mohamad Saab, Nursing & Midwifery, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: mohamadsaab@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted until 12 months after publication by request of the publisher. en
dc.check.date 2019-07-01
dc.date.updated 2018-10-24T10:27:00Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 449767739
dc.internal.pmid 30059354
dc.contributor.funder University College Cork en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Nursing Research en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress mohamadsaab@ucc.ie en


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