A new world a new American foreign policy: the Carter administration, Nicaragua, and the legacy of the Vietnam War, 1977-1981

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dc.contributor.advisor Ryan, David
dc.contributor.author McLaughlin, Ivan Eugene
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-24T12:54:10Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-24T12:54:10Z
dc.date.issued 2012-04
dc.date.submitted 2012-04
dc.identifier.citation McLaughlin, I.E. 2012. A new world a new American foreign policy: the Carter administration, Nicaragua, and the legacy of the Vietnam War, 1977-1981. PhD Thesis, University College Cork. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/712
dc.description.abstract The impact of the Vietnam War conditioned the Carter administration’s response to the Nicaraguan revolution in ways that reduced US engagement with both sides of the conflict. It made the countries of Latin America counter the US approach and find their own solution to the crisis, and allowed Cuba to play a greater role in guiding the overthrow of Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza Debayle. This thesis re-evaluates Carter’s policy through the legacy of the Vietnam War, because US executive anxieties about military intervention, Congress’s increasing influence, and US public concerns about the nation’s global responsibilities, shaped the Carter approach to Nicaragua. Following a background chapter, the Carter administration’s policy towards Nicaragua is evaluated, before and after the fall of Somoza in July 1979. The extent of the Vietnam influence on US-Nicaraguan relations is developed by researching government documents on the formation of US policy, including material from the Jimmy Carter Library, the Library of Congress, the National Security Archive, the National Archives and Records Administration, and other government and media sources from the United Nations Archives, New York University, the New York Public Library, the Hoover Institution Archives, Tulane University and the Organization of American States. The thesis establishes that the Vietnam legacy played a key role in the Carter administration’s approach to Nicaragua. Before the overthrow of Somoza, the Carter administration limited their influence in Nicaragua because they felt there was no immediate threat from communism. The US feared that an active role in Nicaragua, without an established threat from Cuba or the Soviet Union, could jeopardise congressional support for other foreign policy goals deemed more important. The Carter administration, as a result, pursued a policy of non-intervention towards the Central American country. After the fall of Somoza, and the establishment of a new government with a left wing element represented by the Sandinistas, the Carter administration emphasised non-intervention in a military sense, but actively engaged with the new Nicaraguan leadership to contain the potential communist influence that could spread across Central America in the wake of the Nicaraguan revolution. en
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Arts, Sport and Tourism (Glucksman Fellowship) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University College Cork en
dc.rights © 2012, Ivan E. McLaughlin en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ en
dc.subject American foreign relations en
dc.subject US-Nicaraguan relations en
dc.subject The Carter Administration en
dc.subject The legacy of the Vietnam War en
dc.subject Inter-American relations en
dc.subject.lcsh United States--Foreign relations--1945-1989 en
dc.subject.lcsh United States--Foreign relations--Nicaragua en
dc.subject.lcsh Carter, Jimmy, 1924- en
dc.subject.lcsh Vietnam War, 1961-1975--Influence en
dc.title A new world a new American foreign policy: the Carter administration, Nicaragua, and the legacy of the Vietnam War, 1977-1981 en
dc.type Doctoral thesis en
dc.type.qualificationlevel Doctoral en
dc.type.qualificationname PhD (Arts) en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info The full text of this thesis is currently unavailable due to a restriction requested by the author. en
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.contributor.funder Higher Education Authority en
dc.contributor.funder Department of Arts, Sport and Tourism, Ireland en
dc.description.status Not peer reviewed en
dc.internal.school History en


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