Expressive prosody in children with autism spectrum conditions

Show simple item record Peppé, Sue J. E. Cleland, Joanne Gibbon, Fiona E. O'Hare, Anne Martinez-Castilla, Pastora 2012-11-08T12:23:44Z 2012-11-08T12:23:44Z 2011 2011-01
dc.identifier.citation PEPPÉ, S., CLELAND, J., GIBBON, F., O’HARE, A. & CASTILLA, P. M. 2011. Expressive prosody in children with autism spectrum conditions. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 24, 41-53. en
dc.identifier.volume 24 en
dc.identifier.issued 1 en
dc.identifier.startpage 41 en
dc.identifier.endpage 53 en
dc.identifier.issn 0911-6044
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jneuroling.2010.07.005
dc.description.abstract The expressive prosodic abilities of two groups of school-age children with autism spectrum conditions (ASC), Asperger's syndrome (AS) and high-functioning autism (HFA), were compared with those of typically-developing controls. The HFA group showed impairment relative to age-matched controls on all the prosody tasks assessed (affect, sentence-type, contrastive stress, phrasing and imitation) while the AS showed impairment only on phrasing and imitation. Compared with lexically-matched controls, impairment on several tasks (affect, contrastive stress and imitation) was found in the HFA group but little in the AS group (phrasing and imitation). Comparisons between the ASC groups showed significant differences on prosody skills. Impairment in prosodic skills may therefore be a reliable indicator of autism spectrum subgroups, at least as far as communicative functioning is concerned. There were also significant differences between ASC groups and lexically-matched typically-developing children on expressive language skills, but the incomplete correlation of the prosody results with scores on language tasks suggests that the prosodic differences between the two groups may not all be attributable to the level of language skills. Suggested further research is to investigate the relationship of prosody and language skills in this population more closely, and to develop a prosody test as part of the diagnostic criteria of ASC. en
dc.description.sponsorship Economic and Social Research Council, United Kingdom (RES-000-23-0555); Chief Scientist Office, Scotland (CZB 4/34) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.rights Copyright © 2010, Elsevier. NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Neurolinguistics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Neurolinguistics, [24, January 2011] en
dc.subject Autism spectrum disorders en
dc.subject Prosody en
dc.subject Intonation en
dc.subject Language en
dc.subject High-functioning autism en
dc.subject Asperger-syndrome en
dc.subject Language impairment en
dc.subject Intonation en
dc.title Expressive prosody in children with autism spectrum conditions en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorurl en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Fiona Gibbon, Speech And Hearing Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en 2012-10-26T13:06:41Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 26616906
dc.internal.rssid 421661461
dc.contributor.funder Economic and Social Research Council en
dc.contributor.funder Chief Scientist Office en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Journal of Neurolinguistics en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress en

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