The combined role of policy and incentives in promoting cost efficient decarbonisation of energy: a case study for biomethane

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dc.contributor.author Rajendran, Karthik
dc.contributor.author Ó Gallachóir, Brian P.
dc.contributor.author Murphy, Jerry D.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-15T12:43:54Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-15T12:43:54Z
dc.date.issued 2019-02-10
dc.identifier.citation Rajendran, K., O'Gallachoir, B. and Murphy, J. D. (2019) 'The combined role of policy and incentives in promoting cost efficient decarbonisation of energy: A case study for biomethane', Journal of Cleaner Production, 219, pp. 278-290. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.298 en
dc.identifier.volume 219 en
dc.identifier.startpage 278 en
dc.identifier.endpage 290 en
dc.identifier.issn 0959-6526
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/7636
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.01.298
dc.description.abstract The levelized cost of energy of biomethane from food waste was assessed at 87 €/MWh, (87 c/L diesel equiv.). Allowing for gate fees the incentive required for financial viability was 0.13 €/m3 (13 €/MWh). For context, various successful renewable energy policies were analysed across the EU including photovoltaics and biogas in Germany and electric vehicles in Norway. The schemes were compared with an incentive applied (or required) per tCO2 avoided. For Ireland, this study predicts that biomethane needs a financial subsidy of less than 180 €/tCO2 avoided, while most successful EU systems offer incentivisation levels less than 260 €/tCO2 avoided. In terms of incentives per tCO2 avoided Electric Vehicles (EV) stand out. When including all incentives such as grants and avoided parking costs, EVs can receive a sixteen-fold higher incentive as compared to biomethane based on tCO2 emissions avoided. The rationale for this high incentive and supporting policy is based on the requirement to initiate a new infrastructure that would not otherwise happen without intervention of a government incentivising decarbonised transport and clean air. Biomethane as a transport fuel requires a very significant change in infrastructure, including the provision of compressed natural gas service stations and natural gas vehicles. Initially (as for other successful renewable energy systems) larger incentives would be required to allow initiation of the industry, but these subsidies can be reduced over time. Biomethane as a transport fuel offers similar rewards as for electric vehicles, decarbonised transport and clean air along with energy security, renewable energy, indigenous jobs and supporting greening of agriculture. en
dc.description.sponsorship Environmental Protection Agency, Ireland and Gas Networks Ireland (co-funded EPA, 2016-RE-DS-6); Science Foundation Ireland (SFI MaREI Centre (Grant no. 12/RC/2302 and 16/SP/3829)) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.relation.uri http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652619303257
dc.rights © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ en
dc.subject Energy policy en
dc.subject Renewable heat incentive en
dc.subject Bioenergy en
dc.subject Biomethane en
dc.subject CO emissions en
dc.title The combined role of policy and incentives in promoting cost efficient decarbonisation of energy: a case study for biomethane en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Karthik Rajendran, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: k.rajendran@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted until 24 months after publication by request of the publisher en
dc.check.date 2021-02-10
dc.date.updated 2019-03-15T12:33:30Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 477599767
dc.contributor.funder Environmental Protection Agency en
dc.contributor.funder Gas Networks Ireland en
dc.contributor.funder Science Foundation Ireland en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Journal Of Cleaner Production en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked No !!CORA!! en
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress k.rajendran@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.bibliocheck SFI grant 16/SP/3829 and add to relation.project. en
dc.relation.project info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/SFI/SFI Research Centres/12/RC/2302/IE/Marine Renewable Energy Ireland (MaREI) - The SFI Centre for Marine Renewable Energy Research/ en


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© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
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