Analysis of the National Adult Nutrition Survey (Ireland) and the Food4Me nutrition survey databases to explore the development of food labelling portion sizes for the European Union

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dc.contributor.author Gibney, Michael J.
dc.contributor.author O'Sullivan, Aifric
dc.contributor.author Flynn, Albert
dc.contributor.author Walton, Janette
dc.contributor.author Hannelore, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Manios, Yannis
dc.contributor.author Martinez, Alfredo
dc.contributor.author Saris, Wim H. M.
dc.contributor.author Gibney, Eileen R.
dc.contributor.author Uzhova, Irina
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-13T10:56:19Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-13T10:56:19Z
dc.date.issued 2018-12-20
dc.identifier.citation Gibney, M., O’Sullivan, A., Flynn, A., Walton, J., Daniel, H., Manios, Y., Martinez, A., Saris, W., Gibney, E. and Uzhova, I., 2019. Analysis of the National Adult Nutrition Survey (Ireland) and the Food4Me Nutrition Survey Databases to Explore the Development of Food Labelling Portion Sizes for the European Union. Nutrients, 11, 6 (10pp.) DOI: 10.3390/nu11010006 en
dc.identifier.volume 11 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 10 en
dc.identifier.issn 2072-6643
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/7880
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/nu11010006 en
dc.description.abstract The present study set out to explore the option of developing food portion size for nutritional labelling purposes using two European Union (EU) dietary surveys. The surveys were selected as they differed in (a) methodologies (food diary versus food frequency questionnaire), (b) populations (Irish National Adult Nutrition Survey (NANS) versus a seven-country survey based on the pan EU study Food4Me), (c) food quantification (multiple options versus solely photographic album) and (d) duration (4 consecutive days versus recent month). Using data from these studies, portion size was determined for 15 test foods, where portion size was defined as the median intake of a target food when consumed. The median values of the portion sizes derived from both the NANS and Food4Me surveys were correlated (r = 0.823; p < 0.00) and the mean of the two survey data sets were compared to US values from the Recognized as Customarily Consumed (RACC) database. There was very strong agreement across all food categories between the averaged EU and the US portion size (r = 0.947; p < 0.00). It is concluded that notwithstanding the variety of approaches used for dietary survey data in the EU, the present data supports using a standardized approach to food portion size quantification for food labelling in the EU. en
dc.description.sponsorship Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (National Adult Nutrition Survey, Food for Health Research Initiative (2007–2012), 7FHRIUCC2); Health Research Board (National Adult Nutrition Survey, Food for Health Research Initiative (2007–2012), 7FHRIUCC2); Mars (Evolved Nutrition Label (ENL)); PepsiCo (Evolved Nutrition Label (ENL)); Coca-Cola (Evolved Nutrition Label (ENL)); Unilever (Evolved Nutrition Label (ENL)); Nestlé (Evolved Nutrition Label (ENL)) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher MDPI AG en
dc.relation.uri https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/1/6
dc.rights © 2018 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0). en
dc.rights.uri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ en
dc.subject Food labelling en
dc.subject Portion size en
dc.subject RACC en
dc.subject NANS en
dc.subject Food4Me en
dc.title Analysis of the National Adult Nutrition Survey (Ireland) and the Food4Me nutrition survey databases to explore the development of food labelling portion sizes for the European Union en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Albert Flynn, School of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: a.flynn@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.description.version Published Version en
dc.contributor.funder Evolved Nutrition Label (ENL) en
dc.contributor.funder European Commission en
dc.contributor.funder Health Research Board en
dc.contributor.funder Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine en
dc.contributor.funder Mars en
dc.contributor.funder PepsiCo en
dc.contributor.funder Coca-Cola en
dc.contributor.funder Unilever en
dc.contributor.funder Nestlé en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Nutrients en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress a.flynn@ucc.ie en
dc.identifier.articleid 6 en
dc.relation.project info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/FP7::SP1::KBBE/265494/EU/Personalised nutrition: An integrated analysis of opportunities and challenges/FOOD4ME en


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©  2018 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0). Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2018 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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