Seasonal variations in household food insecurity and dietary diversity and their association with maternal and child nutritional status in rural Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.author Roba, Kedir T.
dc.contributor.author O'Connor, Thomas P.
dc.contributor.author O'Brien, Nora M.
dc.contributor.author Aweke, Chanyalew S.
dc.contributor.author Kahsay, Zenebe A.
dc.contributor.author Chisholm, Nick
dc.contributor.author Lahiff, Edward
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-11T09:03:02Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-11T09:03:02Z
dc.date.issued 2019-05-20
dc.identifier.citation Roba, K. T., O'Connor, T. P., O'Brien, N. M., Aweke, C. S., Kahsay, Z. A., Chisholm, N. and Lahiff, E. (2019) 'Seasonal variations in household food insecurity and dietary diversity and their association with maternal and child nutritional status in rural Ethiopia', Food Security. doi: 10.1007/s12571-019-00920-3 en
dc.identifier.startpage 1 en
dc.identifier.endpage 14 en
dc.identifier.issn 1876-4525
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10468/8042
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s12571-019-00920-3 en
dc.description.abstract Food availability and access are strongly affected by seasonality in rural households in Ethiopia. However, relationships between household food insecurity indicators and dietary diversity and nutritional status of reproductive age mothers and their young children are unclear. A longitudinal study was conducted among 800 farming households in lowland and midland agro-ecological zones of rural Ethiopia in pre and post-harvest seasons. A structured interview, which included measures of three food access indicators − household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS), household dietary diversity score (HDDS) and household food consumption score (HFCS) − was conducted. Additionally, a subset of 183 households was selected for assessment of indicators of nutritional status including maternal and child dietary diversity and anthropometric measurements for children 6–23 months of age. Magnitudes of household food insecurity indices were high by international standards, particularly during the lean season (pre-harvest). Using correlation, Chi square and multivariable regression models, HFCS in both seasons was related to maternal body mass index and haemoglobin, and weight-for-length of their children. HDDS was associated in the post-harvest season with haemoglobin level of the mothers, and weight-for-length of their children. HFCS was a better predictor of nutritional status of mothers and children in both the food surplus and lean seasons, while HDDS was a better predictor of maternal and child nutritional status post-harvest. It is recommended that nutritional interventions should therefore focus on household food insecurity as well as targeting the individual nutritional status of mothers and children. en
dc.description.sponsorship Irish Aid (Agridiet Project); Higher Education Authority (Programme of Strategic Cooperation) en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Springer Nature Switzerland AG en
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-019-00920-3
dc.rights © 2019, International Society for Plant Pathology and Springer Nature B.V. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Food Security. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12571-019-00920-3 en
dc.subject HFIAS en
dc.subject HFCS en
dc.subject HDDS en
dc.subject Malnutrition en
dc.subject Seasonality en
dc.subject Maternal and children en
dc.subject Ethiopia en
dc.title Seasonal variations in household food insecurity and dietary diversity and their association with maternal and child nutritional status in rural Ethiopia en
dc.type Article (peer-reviewed) en
dc.internal.authorcontactother Edward Lahiff, Food Business & Development, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. +353-21-490-3000 Email: e.lahiff@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.check.info Access to this article is restricted until 12 months after publication by request of the publisher. en
dc.check.date 2020-05-20
dc.date.updated 2019-06-11T08:53:21Z
dc.description.version Accepted Version en
dc.internal.rssid 488616709
dc.contributor.funder Irish Aid en
dc.contributor.funder Higher Education Authority en
dc.description.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.journaltitle Food Security en
dc.internal.copyrightchecked Yes
dc.internal.licenseacceptance Yes en
dc.internal.IRISemailaddress e.lahiff@ucc.ie en
dc.internal.bibliocheck In press. Check vol / issue / page range. Amend citation as necessary. en
dc.identifier.eissn 1876-4525


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